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Breast Cancer: Understanding the Risk Factors

Annex Naturopathic

Breast Cancer Risk Factors and Prevention Awareness | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Naturopathic Doctor in Toronto

At our naturopathic clinic, one of our main areas of focus is naturopathy for women’s health.

We often see women or hear stories about others who have been affected by cancer in their live’s.

Today’s article’s goal is to provide further understanding around breast cancer, specifically risk factors and prevention, for both women and men.

Women and Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis in women over the age of 20.

Research from the Canadian Cancer Society estimates that 1 in 8 Canadian Women will have breast cancer in her lifetime, and 1 in 31 will die from it.

Reducing risk and early detection are important factors in decreasing the amount of people affected by breast cancer.

Understanding the risk factors

There are 2 types of risk factors.

These factors are classified as those that are non-modifiable, such as age, family history, and genetics, and those that can be modified, such as physical activity or smoking.

Non-modifiable risk factors

Gender:

Breast cancer is significantly more common in Females.

Men with breast cancer make up fewer than 1% of all cases.

Age:

78% of new breast cancer diagnosis occur in women older than 501.

About half of all new cases of breast cancer occur in this age group.

Genetics:

BRCA1 and BRCA2 are tumor suppressor genes - they play a role in the body’s ability to stop cancer from happening.

5-10% of all breast cancers are linked to mutations in these genes.

BRCA1 and BRCA2 occur in less than 1% of the populations, however, women with these gene mutations have up to an 80% risk of developing breast cancer by age 802.

Personal or family history of breast cancer:

A woman with cancer in one breast has a 3- to 4-fold increased risk of developing a new cancer in the other breast or in another part of the same breast3.

Women who has first-degree relatives with a history of breast cancer has has an increased risk.

Someone with one first-degree relative with breast cancer approximately doubles a woman’s risk.

The more first-degree relatives (sister, mother, daughter) with breast cancer, the greater the risk.1

Menstrual History:

Women whose first period was at age 11 or younger and/or women who experience menopause after age 55 have an increased risk of breast cancer.

Those who have more menstrual cycles throughout her lifetime, have greater exposure to estrogen and its metabolites.

Similarly, women who have had one or more pregnancies, have a greater protection against breast cancer.

Pregnancy limits the exposure of breast cells to estrogen and lowers the total number of menstrual cycles a woman has in her lifetime.4

Breast Density:

Breast contain fatty tissue as well as dense tissue such as connective, gland and milk duct tissues.

Women with dense breast tissue in 75% or more of their breasts have a 4-5 fold greater risk of breast cancer.5

Modifiable Risk Factors

Body weight and physical activity:

Women who are overweight have an increased risk of developing breast cancer.

Breast cancer may be influenced by the amount of estrogen tissue in the breast is exposed to over time.

In addition to the ovaries, estrogen is also produced in fat tissue.

Therefore, higher body-weight due to excess fat tissue can increase estrogen levels.

Those who do not exercise also have an increased risk.

Alcohol and smoking:

Smoking increases overall cancer risk, including breast cancer.

Alcohol consumption increases a woman’s risk for breast cancer.

Even low levels of alcohol consumption (just over 1 drink per day) can increase a woman’s risk.

The risk increases with the amount of alcohol consumed.

Understanding Breast Cancer Risk Factors and Prevention | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Naturopathic Doctor in Toronto

New Research Surrounding Possible Risk Factors

Lack of exposure to sunlight and low vitamin D levels:

There are multiple recent studies that demonstrate that vitamin D deficiency significantly increases breast cancer risk.

While at the same time, another study showed that women with elevated risk, who had high serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels because of regular vitamin D supplementation were associated with lower rates of incident, especially in the postmenopausal population.6,7

Diet and Nutritional Status:

There is some evidence to show that high intakes of saturated fats and and high glycemic load (simple sugars and refined carbohydrates) increases risk.8

Exposure to “Xeno-estrogens”:

Xenoestrogens are man-made compounds that mimic estrogen’s effects.

Postmenopausal women with high serum levels of Bisphenol A (BPA) and mono-ethyl phthalatehad elevated breast density. Elevated breast density is associated with increased risk.k.9

Prevention and Early Detection

Although people can’t change their genetics, age or whether or not they are born with ovaries- they can modify their lifestyle to reduce their breast cancer risk in other ways.

Leading a healthy lifestyle with appropriate diet and lifestyle, correcting for nutritional deficiencies (like vitamin D) and optimizing overall health will reduce the risk for breast cancer.

While at the same time, following Canada’s breast cancer screening guidelines and seeking medical attention if you notice any changes to your breasts can facilitate early detection and treatment.

Naturopathic doctors excel at helping their patients optimize their health and make the changes that reduce modifiable risk factors.

Through evidence-informed knowledge, and taking a preventative approach to healthcare we can help reduce the amount of women affected by breast cancer.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References:

  1. National Cancer Institute. SEER Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2004. Table IV-8. Available at: http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2004/results_merged/sect_04_breast.pdf. Accessed June 19, 2007.
  2. Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Breast cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment: The expanding role of the Ob/Gyn. Available at: http://www.apgo.org/elearn/APGO_BC_Monograph.pdf. Accessed January 5, 2007.
  3. American Cancer Society. Detailed Guide: Breast Cancer: What are the risk factors for breast cancer? Available at: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/
    content/CRI_2_4_2X_What_are_the_risk_factors_for_breast_cancer_5.asp?sitearea=
    . Accessed June 12, 2007.
  4. http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/breast/risks/?region=bc#family_hx
  5. Lancet Oncol. 2005 Oct;6(10):798-808.
  6. Pak J Med Sci. 2017 May-Jun; 33(3): 645–649
  7. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 Jul 6;125(7):077004. doi: 10.1289/EHP943.
  8. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12(4):1061-5.
  9. Breast Cancer Res. 2013 may 27;15(3):R45.

To read more information on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: toronto naturopathic doctors

The Rarely Discussed Reality of Radioactive Pollution

By Dr. Mercola


A rarely addressed environmental problem is radioactive pollution from nuclear waste disposal. For decades, the common method of nuclear disposal was to simply dump plutonium-filled steel barrels into the ocean.


Starting with an overview of the past, the featured documentary, Versenkt und Vergessen, (Sunk and Forgotten), notes that in May 1967, 100,000 tons of nuclear waste from Germany, Great Britain and France were dumped in the North Atlantic, the Irish Sea and the English Channel. And that was just one of many loads.


Officials claimed the waste would be safely diluted at depths of about 4,000 meters (2.5 miles). The motto was: The solution to pollution is dilution. But was it? The film crew investigates what happened to these barrels of nuclear waste, and how radioactive material is disposed of today, now that ocean dumping is no longer allowed.


1970s Activism Raised Awareness but Could Not Stop Nuclear Dumping



Greenpeace began raising public awareness about the practice of dumping nuclear waste in the ocean during the 1970s. Alas, the nuclear industry remained unfazed. Instead, environmentalists were attacked and criminalized. John Large, a nuclear physicist who was involved in the development of a British nuclear bomb in the 1960s, knows a thing or two about nuclear dumping.


In addition to barrels filled with plutonium, nuclear reactor fuel rods were also routinely dumped into the ocean. And, while specific sites had been chosen for the disposal, there are no guarantees the rods or barrels actually made it there.


The reason for this is because the ship’s crew were continually exposed to radioactivity as long as the rods remained onboard. This meant the captain had to pay careful attention to exposure times to protect the health of the crew, and if they ran into bad weather, the cargo would have to be dumped wherever they happened to be when the clock ran out.


Dumping Inventory Records Tell Us Little



In addition to that, many entries in the disposal inventory records simply read, not known, when it comes to the amount, content or location of the disposal. With such an apparent lack of precision in the dumping inventory records, how might the fate of the barrels and fuel rods be ascertained?


The filmmakers turn to the British Health Protection Agency (HPA), which is responsible for radioactive waste. Alas, they have little choice but to rely on the information they’re given, no matter how incomplete. Michael Meacher MP, who was Minister for the Environment between 1997 and 2003 and an opponent of the nuclear dumping policy, believes the lack of record keeping is no accident.


He suggests it was probably an agreement between the British ministry of defense, the Army and the nuclear industry - none of which really wanted anyone to know how much was dumped, what kind of materials were disposed of or exactly where. The less information anyone has, the lower the chances of any of them being held responsible. This is a sort of conspiracy, Meacher says, adding that the long-term effects of dumping radioactive waste into oceans are entirely unknown.


Fundamental Assumptions Proven Wrong



The idea that nuclear pollution can be rendered safe by extreme dilution has been proven wrong. As noted by Large, The fundamental underlying problem was that they assumed that if you dilute the radioactivity with tons and tons of water, it’s safe to discharge. And that has been proven wrong time and time again. Evidence of this was collected by a German research group in the mid-‘80s.


The exploratory group visited nuclear dumping sites in the Atlantic where they retrieved several barrels, and found plutonium in the water, seabed and fish. An internal document titled Position paper on the implications of deep sea disposal of radioactive waste, issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), notes that Increased concentrations of plutonium in the dump sites indicates plutonium leaks from the barrels.


Now these toxins have dispersed into the biosphere, and dispersion does not equate to safety. At its headquarters in Monaco, IAEA scientists are conducting experiments to assess the impact of radioactive waste on marine life by feeding marine animals with contaminated food sources. The IAEA, which continuously monitors the ocean floor, claims it has not found any other dumped barrels. The assumption, therefore, is that the barrels ditched in the English Channel have all disintegrated.


Nuclear Waste in the English Channel



There have been no additional investigations at the dumpsites since, however, so is the IAEA correct in its assumption that all dumped barrels have corroded and no longer retrievable? The film crew decides to conduct its own investigation, and travels to an area called Hurd Deep, located in the English Channel near the island of Alderney, where 28,000 barrels of radioactive waste and munitions is known to have been deposited at a depth of 100 meters (328 feet) or less.


With the use of a small unmanned submarine, the team surveils the area. What do they find? On the very first dive, the camera-equipped submersible documents a still undamaged barrel, which could potentially be salvaged. On the second dive, a thoroughly corroded and disintegrating barrel is found - barely half an hour’s boat ride from the coast of France.


With nuclear waste dumped so close to land, what effects might it have on the environment and residents? The team follows professor Chris Busby to Alderney, where a doctor has reported an unusually high number of cancer cases and deaths. Unfortunately, exact statistics on cancer deaths cannot be obtained due to data protection protocols.


Based on informal inquiries, however, the team finds that the island, which has a total of just 2,400 residents, has had quite a few cancer-related deaths. The government, however, assures Busby that everything is fine, and that levels of radioactivity in the environment are far too low to cause harm. According to the IAEA, the dilution hypothesis does work, and despite very large amounts of radioactive waste having been deposited in some areas, the water would still meet safe drinking water standards, were it not saltwater.


Busby disagrees, as does Claus Grupen, a nuclear physicist at the University of Siegen in Germany, who says, If the amount in which [the radioactive waste] is diluted is infinitely vast - if I discharge it into outer space - then it might be well-diluted. But the Earth is a very small body, and the concentration is growing. The conclusion is that the radiation is merely spreading out. It’s not actually disappearing at all, and according to Busby, every single radionucleotide has the potential to trigger cancer.


Nuclear Ocean Dumping Continues



In 1993, nuclear waste dumping was banned worldwide, in large part thanks to the ongoing efforts of Greenpeace. But that doesn’t mean the practice has stopped. The nuclear industry has merely changed the way it’s doing the dumping. Instead of ditching barrels overboard, the industry built pipes along the bottom of the sea, through which the radioactive material is pumped. To where, you might ask? Directly into the open sea.


One of these nuclear waste pipes is situated in La Hague, Normandy, where physicist David Boilley has founded an environmental group against nuclear ocean dumping. In his view, the nuclear accident in Fukushima has had global ramifications, forcing us to rethink how we view clean food. It’s no longer possible to assume that clean water equals clean and healthy fish.


A fish may ultimately be caught in water considered clean, but if that individual fish has, at any point in its life, swum through a contaminated area or eaten contaminated food, it will be contaminated to some degree. So being caught in clean water is no guarantee that it will be free of radioactive contaminants. It’s like gambling, Boilley says. You may be lucky or unlucky.


Back in Boilley’s lab, water samples prove to have tritium levels that are fivefold higher than those provided by the French nuclear operator Areva. This is why the group, and other environmentalists, refuse to rely on official measurements, and insist on taking their own. Fish and shellfish bought at the local market are also tested, as are other marine animals found on the ocean floor.


Microbiologist Pierre Barbey explains that radioactive materials bioaccumulate. A worm can contain 2,000 to 3,000 times higher levels than its environment. The worm is then eaten by another marine animal, which gets eating by another, and so on. At each step, the radioactive level rises. Barbey has identified reproductive defects in sea crabs, caused by radioactive contamination, and these genetic defects are passed on to future generations of crabs.


Are we to believe the same is not happening in humans, who are at the top of the food chain? According to Barbey, the cellular impact is the same. Plutonium has been found in gray seals off the coasts of Europe, and cesium has been found in porpoises. Since the ecosystem is a closed system, every animal must be protected from radioactivity. None is disposable. And what happens to the animals will ultimately affect us too.


Why Ocean Dumping Continues Despite Ban


Next, the team visits Sellafield, home of 80 percent of the U.K.’s nuclear waste. This site also has waste pipes dumping radioactive materials into the ocean. In 1997, Greenpeace activists drew attention to the pipe. One of the activists was Shaun Burnie, who to this day continues his fight against the nuclear discharges. He’s particularly concerned about the health and welfare of the locals, especially those who live right on the beach.


Their homes have been found to contain plutonium-contaminated dust, and tests reveal these high-risk individuals have higher levels of radioactivity in their bodies. They even have plutonium in their teeth. Radioactive material originating from Sellafield has also been found along the coast of Norway. But how is it that the nuclear industry can continue disposing of radioactive waste into the ocean when ocean dumping has been banned?


The answer may surprise you. The industry claims the pipes are part of a land-based disposal system, and therefore legal. When asked if there’s a scientific, logical reason why barrels are banned while open discharges into the ocean are allowed, Hartmut Nies with the IAEA replies, I think it is more of a philosophical question.


Wolfgang Renneberg, an expert on radioactive waste disposal and director general for nuclear safety in the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, offers a more definitive answer: There’s only one reason why open discharges are allowed, and that is economics. To install a system to ensure discharges have a near-zero radioactivity would likely be so expensive, it would likely render the plant economically unviable.


Rising Childhood Leukemia Rates Dismissed



So, despite reports of rising rates of leukemia in Sellafield - which, according to Busby are 10 times higher than the rest of the country - the discharges continue. And, since investigations into cancer clusters keep finding the nuclear operation at Sellafield is not a factor, plutonium-contaminated beaches remain open to the public.


Many locals have come to suspect the authorities are being deliberately imprecise in their work to hide the extent of the problem. In an area of the beach where official soil testing has not been done, the filmmakers find plutonium levels up to 10 times higher than the permissible limit. Still, some nuclear industry experts insist the dangers associated with radioactive material is small. One 30-year veteran in the industry, Richard Wakeford, says:



I assess the risk of radiation to be very small, and should really not be a major [concern] to parents or anyone else. There are much more important things to be worried about. There are two major ideas: Either childhood leukemia is a rare response to a common, but as of yet unidentified, infection, or [it’s due to] large-scale urban, rural population mixing.



As noted in the film, Conclusion: Either a virus or population mixing around Sellafield is responsible for cancer - but not the highly toxic nuclear waste from the sea?! The team turns to another expert, the German physician Klaus Hoffmann, member of a number of German federal radiation protection committees. When asked what he thinks about the U.K’s denial of a link between rising leukemia rates and radioactive pollution, he says:



They are simply wrong. There is little evidence for the population mixing hypothesis, and there’s absolutely no evidence of the virus hypothesis. There is neither a virus, nor are there antibodies. In other words, forget this whole infection hypothesis. These hypotheses have arisen primarily to explain away any risk from radiation.



Industry Cost-Savings Weighed Against Human Life



The fact of the matter is that a certain number of cancer deaths are considered acceptable in order to keep costs for the nuclear waste industry down. The question no one has the answer to is: At what point do the deaths begin to outweigh the cost-savings of the nuclear industry?


As to where such cost-benefit considerations came from in the first place, the filmmakers identify the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) - an independent charity established to advance for the public benefit the science of radiological protection, in particular by providing recommendations and guidance on all aspects of protection against ionizing radiation.


While interview requests with the Commission went unanswered, they discovered a video online in which former ICRP chairman Roger Clarke explains the cost-benefit principle by quoting one of Epicurus’ utilitarian ethics, which states that, The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few.


In this case, you could argue the nuclear industry is hardly operating for the benefit of the many. If the true costs of operations were considered, it would become clear that there are far less expensive, not to mention less toxic, ways to produce energy. As noted in the film, we need safer forms of energy. The waste pipes need to be closed, and any retrievable barrels recovered from the ocean floor and secured. If we do nothing, our environment will continue to deteriorate, and so will human health.



How to Do the Heimlich Maneuver

For more natural health and wellness news, visit: goo.gl/WmXzlh-


By Dr. Mercola
Up until 1972, when the Heimlich maneuver was developed, the sixth leading cause of accidental death was choking, usually on a bite of food, or for young children, a small toy or other object. At that time, around 3,000 people in the U.S. died every year from getting something lodged in their throat. The sobering thing is that it doesn’t take long for choking to become a fatality. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) explains:

Choking is the blockage or hindrance of respiration by a foreign-body obstruction in the internal airway, including the pharynx, hypopharynx, and trachea. Airway obstruction can be fatal if it leads to serious impairment of oxygenation and ventilation.


Choking is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children, especially…
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Our Chicago Kitchen Sneak Peek

For more natural health and wellness advice, visit: goo.gl/X252cV-


In case you hadn’t heard we’ve moved to Chicago! Long story short, last spring we left our beloved city of Austin and came to Chicago (where I’m originally from). Our original plan was to stay in Chicago temporarily for Go to the recipe…

The post Our Chicago Kitchen Sneak Peek appeared first on Love and Lemons.

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Botanical of the Month – Boneset

Annex Naturopathic

Boneset Botanical Medicine | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopaths

At our naturopathic clinic in the Annex we always get asked around cold and flu season what someone should take to ward these off.

I think it’s an appropriate time to write about a herb that is useful for the prevention and treatment viral infections.

We all know about echinacea and the fantastic benefits in the prevention of cold and flu, but one of the most underrated herbs that can also be used grows right in our forests and marshes.

Eupatorium perfoliatum (Boneset) is a beautiful three-branched, white flowered plant that grows along creeks and marshes and can grow up to 5 feet tall.

This plant is native to North America and flowers and matures from the mid-summer to fall.

It is one of the most coveted cold and flu remedy by Native medicine has been used extensively throughout Europe for these properties.

Parts Used: Aerial parts, tops and flowers.  Best to harvest when it first blooms.

Uses for Boneset

Edibility:

Boneset is very bitter (due to the constituents, sesquiterpene lactones), and has a strong profile of medicinal constituents so is not typically eaten as food.

Colds, Flus and Fevers:

Boneset is considered a panacea for treating acute and viral infections by traditional native medicine.

It was historically used to treat “bone-break” fevers, fevers caused by Dengue fever so intense that it was described like pain as if your bones are breaking, hence the common name.

Since then it has been traditionally used to treat any fever-inducing infection - this property is called a “diaphoretic”, in which it makes a person sweat during a fever, allowing the fever to break.

This is a great remedy for those with “intermittent fevers” where the fever produced is never strong enough to actually kill off the infection and “break”, causing the a person to stay ill for longer periods of time.

Boneset is thought to induce a fever by activating the immune system through stimulating white blood cells to fight off the infection. This herb also exhibits anti-microbial and anti-malarial properties, but more research is needed to confirm these effects.

Despite the presence of only preliminary evidence, Boneset is considered one of the best treatments for cold and flu by traditional herbalists, with many case reports revealing the powerful activity of this herb against cold and flus.

This warrants better and more detailed investigation of this herb by researchers interested in herbal remedies in infections.

Boneset is a good alternative to the herb Echinacea as Echinacea only tends to be strongly effective when taken at the beginning stages of the flu, while Boneset works well for beginning stages as well as during the active, mid-flu stages.

Botanical Medicine Wild Boneset | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopaths

Boneset has also been traditionally used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory diseases.

A  number of constituents present in Eupatorium perfoliatum have been found to exhibit strong anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the formation of a inflammatory factor, NF-Kappa-ß.

Boneset is taken in both tincture and tea/infusion forms.

Traditionally, hot infusions are taken for acute conditions when the patient needs to increase their body temperature for the fever to break and kill off the infection.

Then a cold infusion is taken as a tonic when the body needs to heal after the fever has broken.

The cold infusion in general is taken when the body is weak, making it a more suitable form for those feeling fatigued and pained.

As mentioned the book Medical Herbalism: Materia Medica and Pharmacy, this very dichotomy ofadministration represents the signature what the herb is meant to treat - dual symptoms (ie fevers and chills from infection).

The tincture is administered by drops as this herb is considered very strong and does not need to be given in high doses.

Caution:

This herb is to be taken in small amounts - it has a powerful “emetic” effect, which makes a person vomit and does have laxative effect.

These effects were actually used medicinally by traditional herbalists to help a sick person detoxify, but is considered undesirable effect in modern medicine.

For this reason, never take this herb unless you’re being monitored and treated by a healthcare professional who is familiar with the specific dosing of this herb.

If you’re interested in learning more about how to use this effective herb during the upcoming cold and flu season, feel free to book an appointment.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References:

  1. Hensel A al Eupatorium perfoliatum L.: phytochemistry, traditional use and current applications.J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Dec 8;138(3):641-51.
  2. Herbapedia 2013. Silver Spring, Pennsylvania: The Herb Growing and Marketing Network, 2011
  3. Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
  4. King, J. King’s American Dispensatory. Ohio Valley Company, 1898
  5. Medical Herbalism: Materia Medica and Pharmacy. Boulder, Colorado: Bergner Communications, 2001.

To learn more tips about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopathic doctor

Balanced Living, Autumn 2017




Seasonal Focus: Autumn Wellbeing


Autumn brings many things to look forward to: leaves changing color; crisper nights; and seasonal foods and traditions. It can also bring minor woes, such as dry skin, colds and even sleep disruptions. Use this Fall edition of ourBalanced Living for natural ways to address some of these common seasonal concerns, as well as tips on managing stress and why the right level of vitamin D is so important.


And don’t miss our seasonal foods’ list, including three of my favorites and delicious recipe ideas that will be perfect for holiday meals, pot lucks, family dinners and company!



Flip through the Fall 2017 issue of Dr. Weil'sBalanced Livingto learn more!




See past issues of theBalanced Living issues.



The post Balanced Living, Autumn 2017 appeared first on DrWeil.com.

8 Favorite Pasta Recipes


If I had to name 3 loves off the top of my head right now: #1 my husband Jack, #2 Italy, and #3 pasta. If you read the introduction in our cookbook, you know that so much of my love Go to the recipe…



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What You Need To Know About Taking Health Supplements

Annex Naturopathic

Taking Health Supplements Advice | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopathic Doctor

Should everyone be taking health supplements?

This is something that we, as naturopathic doctors here in Toronto, get asked a lot about from our patients

Walking into the supplement section of any grocery, health food or drug store can be overwhelming to say the least.

The options are endless and the prices are ever increasing.

It’s hard to keep track of what Dr. Oz or Dr. Google recommended.

Internet searches often give us expansive lists of contradictory information.

The Nutraceutical industry is rapidly growing and just as profit driven as pharmaceutical industry.

The following article will shed some light on how to approach supplementation in a critical and informed manner.

What are supplements?

In the true sense of the word, supplements are an addition of a macronutrient (protein, fat, carbohydrate) or micronutrient (vitamin or mineral) normally found in the diet.

Supplements can also be pharmaceutically synthesized molecules that are naturally occurring or built in the body (like GABA- a neurotransmitter or melatonin- a molecule involved in sleep).

Unlike drugs, whose components are synthesized and not found in the diet or naturally occurring within the body, supplements contain molecules which the body inherently knows how to absorb, metabolize and incorporate into physiological processes.

Drugs often change or inhibit a naturally occurring process, whereas supplementation corrects for deficiencies and optimizes inherent function.

What supplements should I actually be taking?

It depends. Each person has unique requirements based on individual factors and intended effect.

Most commonly, supplementation is indicated in cases of deficiency (common deficiencies include: iron, B12, vitamin D).

Symptoms vary depending on which nutrients are deficient. Deficiency can be caused by inadequate dietary sources or decreased absorption due to digestive dysfunction.

Many medications also deplete certain nutrients (the birth control pill for example, depletes vitamin B6). Many vitamins act as cofactors: molecules that make reactions happen- analogous to a catalyst in an engine.

As such, supplementation can also be used to up-regulate processes in the body.

For example, vitamin B6 is required for the synthesis of serotonin from the amino acid tryptophan.

Continuing with the car analogy, if we supplement with tryptophan, the gas, and B6, the catalyst, theoretically we should have increased serotonin- or a smoothly running car.

On the other (pharmaceutical) hand, selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs/antidepressants) work by altering receptors so that more serotonin remains available.

How do I know how much to take?

Like pharmaceuticals, you need to take specific dosages of supplements in order for them to have their intended therapeutic effect.

Furthermore, many supplements have misleading dosing information on their labels.

For example, the therapeutic value fish oil lies in its omega-3 content (EPA and DHA). A 1000 mg Jameson fish oil has 180 mg EPA and 120 DHA mg in one capsule where as a professional line has 600 mg and 400 mg respectively.

You would need to take at least 3 capsules of Jameson brand fish oil to equal 1 capsule of the professional line.

Are all supplements safe and free of side effects?

No. High doses of certain supplements can be toxic and dangerous.

For example, high doses of supplemental vitamin D can cause kidney damage, niacin (vitamin B3) even at low doses can cause significant vasodilation (flushing), magnesium and vitamin C can cause diarrhoea, iron often causes constipation and zinc can induce nausea and vomiting.

Do You Need Health Supplements Advice | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopathic Doctor

Can I get everything I need from a healthy diet?

It depends.

Assuming that a healthy diet is rich in fruits and vegetable, healthy fats (nuts and fish), and proteins (grains, legumes and meats) you may still fall short of certain nutrients due to inherent nutrient depletion in soil and decreased availability of certain foods.

Additionally, when supplements are prescribed at high dosages to enhance a specific function, it would be near impossible to achieve equal intake of that constituent through food alone.

For example, a dose of 4000 mg of vitamin C would require consumption of 80 oranges.

Does Vitamin D comes from the Sun?

Vitamin D doesn’t actually come from the sun.

However, exposure to the sun (specifically UVB light radiation) converts a precursor molecule to the active form of vitamin D.

This conversion happens subcutaneously (just underneath the skin) and requires sunlight.

The amount of skin exposed to the sun is proportional to how much vitamin D our skin makes. How much skin do Canadians expose to the sun in the winter?

Bottom line

Most supplementation should be individualized and supervised to have true therapeutic value.

Self prescribing can be ineffective and dangerous.

All supplements are not created equal.

When comparing brands, look at the amount of content in milligrams in each capsule.

For Canadians, supplementing vitamin D in the winter is appropriate in almost all circumstances

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To see additional information about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: best naturopathic doctors in toronto

Spicy Chipotle Cornbread

For more natural health and wellness advice, visit: goo.gl/ISvbgS-


It’s fall and yes, I’m still crazy about the corn BUT hear me out this cozy cornbread recipe is the perfect accompaniment to your favorite bowl of chili (two of my favorites are here and here). Chili and cornbread Go to the recipe…

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5 Tips For Developing A Healthy Autumn Routine

Annex Naturopathic

Healthy Autumn Routine Tips | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopathic Doctors

Hello, and Happy September!

As a naturopathic doctor in Toronto, seasonal shifts are factors that I take into account when helping patients develop healthy routines.

Theses seasonal shifts can’t be ignored as they have a real effect on the body and the health of each individual.

As we say goodbye to summer, it’s time to welcome the structure and seasonal shifts September brings.

At this time of year it can be difficult to:

1. Sleep

Prioritize restful sleep.

That means going to bed a little earlier, and saying no to that last episode on Netflix.

Waking up refreshed sets the stage for a great day.

Check out our top 5 tips for improving sleep quality to help you make the most of your time in bed.

2. Hydrate

Start off your day with a BIG glass of water. Aim for 2 litres throughout the day.

Not a big fan of water? Try putting lemon or cucumber slices in it for a little bit of flavour.

Remember - coffee and alcoholic beverages are dehydrating. Switch out that second cup of coffee for a big glass of water!

3. Meal Prep

Planning your meals ahead of time is definitely easier in theory than practice.

A good start to making is easy to meal plan for the week is thinking of your 3 favourite “go-to” meals, and making sure you have all the ingredients on hand.

Freeze leftovers in singles servings to be warmed up on days when you don’t have time to cook.

Exercise for a Healthy Autumn | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopathic Doctors

4. Exercise

Start with short and sweet when it comes to exercise.

A half hour at the gym or walking briskly is enough when you’re getting back into the groove.

Schedule in your exercise at the beginning of the week and have your gym clothes ready the night before.

5. Set healthy boundaries with technology

Turn that gosh-darn phone off!Smartphones are very stimulating to the brain and can dysregulate the body’s stress response.

Give your brain a break from your phone daily.

You’ll have more time to tackle the other 4 items on this list!

Seek out professional help

For any reason you need some help, come see one of the Naturopathic Doctor’s at Annex Naturopathic Clinic - they will help you figure out a gameplan together!

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To see additional tips about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: natural health doctors

Spinach Hummus Lunch Wraps


This month, we have a ton of airplane travel coming up. Not to complain, but travel is one of those things where I LOVE the destination(s), but don’t love the journey especially the food that’s often available during the journey Go to the recipe…



The post Spinach Hummus Lunch Wraps appeared first on Love and Lemons.

Exploring the Menstrual Cycle: Common Concerns & How Birth Control Methods Work

Annex Naturopathic

Menstrual Cycle Facts | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Womens Health

Women often have many concerns surrounding their menstrual cycle.

Many women seek interventions and guidance to avoid pregnancy.

Other women may need support conceiving.

Some women struggle with painful, long periods, while other women go months to years without a period at all.

Needless to say, there are many physiological, anatomical and biochemical factors that contribute to a healthy menstrual cycle.

Too add to the complexity, there is variability in what is considered “normal” amongst women’s menstrual cycles.

Therefore, an individualized approach to care is essential in determining what factors may be problematic- and- what type of support will create the conditions for optimal women’s health.

The naturopathic doctors at Annex Naturopathic excel in helping women understand and regulate their cycles naturally.

This is especially helpful given that with conventional medicine, options may be limited to synthetic hormonal contraceptives.

The birth control pill is an effective form of contraception, however, it may not always be in line with patient preference or address the root cause of a women’s menstrual concerns.

Common menstrual cycle concerns and why they may be happening

  • Heavy period flow which may be caused by a relative excess in estrogen.
  • A woman does not get her period. Lack of menstrual cycles can be the result of various mechanisms.
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome. Periods are infrequent, often spaced out longer than one month apart. A combination of factors which includes elevated testosterone and high blood sugar and high insulin which reduces ovulation (egg release) and frequency of menstruation.
  • Dysmenorrhea: painful periods which may be caused by a general inflamed state and a relative excess of estrogen.

Differentiating contraceptive methods

  • The Oral Contraceptive Pill. Most are estrogen and progestin containing. Ovulation is inhibited because of the synthetic hormones. The pill also allows for thicker cervical mucus which makes the the uterus impenetrable to sperm. The placebo pills (at the end of the pill pack) cause uterine lining to shed due to drop in hormones in the body.
  • Transdermal Patch: Same mechanism as pill. The patch is worn for 3 weeks and taken off for one week.
  • Nuva Ring. Same mechanism as the oral contraceptive pill. The ring is put in for 3 weeks, removed for one week.
  • Mirena IUS/ Jaydess IUD (Intaruterine Device/System). This device sits in the uterus, and a low continuous dose of progestin is secreted. Ovulation may or may not occur. The progestin thickens the cervical mucus (which makes the uterus impenetrable to sperm), and the presence of the IUD makes the uterus inhospitable to fertilization and implantation.
  • Copper IUD. There are no hormones secreted by this IUD. It works by making the uterus inhospitable to fertilization and implantation.
  • Barrier methods. Prevent entry or sperm.
  • Fertility awareness. This involves consciously tracking the timing of the menstrual cycle combined with temperature and cervical mucous monitoring.

Birth Control Concerns | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Womens Health

Factors that affect your cycle and contraceptive methods

  • When cortisol, the stress hormone is high, the hypothalamus in the brain sends signals to decrease sex hormone production.
  • Gastrointestinal disturbances. Estrogen is recycled back into circulation in the gut by healthy gut bacteria. When there is a significant change in gut flora- which can happen because of antibiotic use, or gastrointestinal infection- the hormone balance can shift and the menstrual cycle may to.

REMEMBER: The best contraceptive method

  • Is the one you use consistently.
  • Encourages enjoyable sex and reduces stress.
  • Resonates with you and has minimal side affects.

For any reason you have concerns regarding your menstrual cycle, birth control methods or fertility, come see one of the NDs at our clinic.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To discover more ways about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopathic doctors

Eating Chocolate for Diabetes?

Did Someone Say Chocolate?


Well, not Hersey’s milk chocolate. A group studying cocoa has found components within the main ingredient of chocolate that helps release more insulin and respond to increases in blood glucose more efficiently.1 This is not the first time that cocoa has been championed as a health food. Dark chocolate has long been known to help lower blood pressure, through its vasodilative abilities, as well as decrease platelet adhesion.2 Of course, it’s not the cheap stuff, but the $4 bar of dark chocolate, with the 85% cocoa, that is on the brink of being too bitter for most people, that we’re talking about.


Epicatechin Monomers Seem to Protect Beta Cells, Specifically Mitochondria


Epicatechin monomers, which are found in cocoa, have been shown to increase the strength of beta cells in the pancreas the beta cells are what produces insulin, in response to increases in blood glucose. Epicatechin monomers seem to be protecting the beta cells, specifically the mitochondria by increasing their resilience to oxidative stress. The increase, or protection of mitochondrial function equates to more ATP being produced, and thereby sustained (appropriate) insulin release.


Dark Chocolate May be a Healthy Dessert Choice with Myriad Benefits


The scientists first noted that cocoa was a favorable agent in diabetes by feeding it to animals on a high-fat diet. The cocoa seemed to give the animals more resilience to the high fat diet. They then looked deeper into the mechanism and found the epicatechins to be the likely mechanism. Of course, chocolate is not being advocated as a treatment for diabetes. The amount of cocoa that would need to be eaten is likely to outweigh the benefits, especially if it has sugar, dairy, and other undesirable preservatives added. However, dark chocolate may be a reasonable healthy dessert choice which will also have benefits. As part of other lifestyle and dietary changes, perhaps it could play its part in supporting pancreatic function.


Sources:



  1. Source

  2. Flammer AJ, Hermann F, Sudano I, et al. Dark chocolate improves coronary vasomotion and reduces platelet reactivity. Circulation. 2007;116(21):2376-82.


ImageCopyright:

Having Irregular Periods? You May Have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Annex Naturopathic

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopath

As one of the top naturopathic clinic in Toronto, we have a special focus in treating women’s health issues.

We often discover that a significant amount of women today find themselves having irregular periods.

The cause can be for many reasons.

Although today we are going to discuss one important cause that women should be aware of - Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

PCOS is a “syndrome” which is different than a disease. A disease is a pathological process that is well defined by what is causing it and the symptoms it causes.

On the other hand, a “syndrome” is a collection of symptoms we see together that are not necessarily caused by the same problem.

PCOS has symptoms relating to hormonal imbalances and problems with metabolism (how our body uses it’s fuel).

PCOS is very common in women of child bearing years. As many as 1 in 10 women fit the criteria for diagnosis.

Women with PCOS will have a varying degree of symptoms.

Symptoms of PCOS

1. Irregular periods. Few or no menstrual periods over a the span of a year.

2. Changes in hair growth. Excess hair on the face, chest, back, stomach. Thinning head hair.

3. Breakouts that become inflamed.

4. Women who have PCOS may have difficulty getting pregnant.

5. Weight gain. Difficulty achieving ideal weight, even with diet and exercise.

Why does PCOS happen?

These are a few of the factors that influence the development of PCOS.

1. There is several genes associated with PCOS. If a pregnant mother had PCOS, her daughters have a significantly higher risk of developing PCOS.

2. Insulin resistance and obesity. When blood sugar is high, insulin (the hormone responsible for helping the body use and store sugar) doesn’t work well.

The ovaries are very sensitive to insulin resistance and in response they don’t produce the appropriate amount of hormones necessary for ovulation and the body has too much testosterone circulating.

3. Exposure to “Endocrine-disrupting” chemicals. Chemicals like BPA found in plastics alter the activity of sex hormones.

BPA is know to interact with estrogen receptors which will decrease the bodies ability to ovulate.

Irregular periods and PCOS | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopath

Treatment of PCOS

Conventional Approaches include regulating the cycle through use of oral contraceptives, regulating blood sugar with medications like metformin and fertility treatment if the individual is having difficulty conceiving.

How Annex Naturopathic Clinic approach PCOS

Naturopathic doctors look at addressing the root causes of PCOS and treatment is revolved around naturally restoring hormonal balance through:

  1. Dietary and exercise recommendations that reduce insulin sensitivity and exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals.
  2. Nutritional supplementation that encourages insulin sensitivity and hormone balance.
  3. Herbal medicine that gently and effectively balances hormones and metabolism.
  4. Bioindentical hormones therapy if appropriate.

If you’re concerned with hormonal irregularities, come see us at Annex Naturopathic Clinic for a comprehensive assessment and treatment plan to help your body get back in balance.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To learn additional info on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: ontario naturopath

Botanical of the Month – St. John’s Wort

Annex Naturopathic

St. John's Wort | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopath

As a naturopathic clinic and dispensary, we like to educate our patients on how to take in local herbs and foods as part of their lifestyles for long term health.

Each month we’ve been highlighting a local, seasonal, Ontario herb in order to help you understand and familiarize yourself with useful medical herbs and foods that grow in our backyards.

Last month we looked at Red Clover

This month we take a look at St. John’s Wort.

What is St. John’s Wort?

St. John’s Wort is a common plant that has been naturalized in North America, and can be found in Ontario (easier to find in North of Toronto).

Hypericum perforatum displays beautiful yellow flowers from June to August.  It grows up to 1 meter high and has small, oval leaves which may have small black dots.

The flowers contain glands that when the fresh flowers crushed, will stain a dark vibrant red-purple colour, representing one of the key chemical ingredients of the plant, hypericin. 

This colour is greatly represented in tincture and oil extracts of St. John’s WortI saw an abundance of this gorgeous plant on a relaxing camping trip in the Lake Superior region, and is one of the most common herbal remedies I use in practice.

Parts Used: Aerial parts, bud and flowers (dried and fresh)

Uses of St. John’s Wort

St. John’s Wort is not typically eaten but is used for medicine.  It has a number of different medicinal uses and has a strong affinity to the nervous system.

Traditionally, when taking internally, St. John’s Wort has been used as a sedative to treat nervous anxiety, and also is used to treat neuralgic pain.

Externally it’s used as an anti-inflammatory to treat sunburns, promote wound healing, treat bruises, and viral skin eruptions (ie Shingles).

Hypercum perforatum has been traditionally used to “clear liver heat” making it a useful remedy for liver inflammation (hepatitis).

Depression

There has been extensive research on the anti-depressant properties of St. John’s Wort, with many clinical trails exhibiting the benefit of this herb in the treatment for depression.

This plant has been found to provide anti-depressant actions, and though hypericin, pseudohypericin, and hyperformin are the most-studied chemical constituents of St. John’s Wort, many other constituents in this herb have also been found to have this property.

Isolating and administrating one constituent alone does not seem to provide the same anti-depressant effect as using the whole plant.  It is possible the combined (synergistic) action of many chemical constituents in this plant is what is responsible for the strong influence on the neurological system.

Flavonols and xanthines are other constituents found to have anti-depressant activity.  This is a beautiful representation of the importance of wholism where the entire plant is the of value, not only one microscopic ingredient of the plant.

St. John’s wort has been found to affect neurotransmitter activity by inhibiting reuptake of serotonin, GABA, noradrenaline, dopamine and L-glutamate.  Hypericum perforatum also inhibits binding of these neurotransmitters to their receptors.

This is a similar mechanism to how prescription anti-depressants work - inhibiting reuptake and binding.   Hypericum perforatum also appears to inhibit the activity of enzymes important in mood, such as monoamine oxidase (MAO-A and MAO-B), and catechol-O- methyltransferase (COMT), both involved in neurotransmitter processing and elimination.

St John’s Wort also is considered an anti-inflammatory -  increased levels inflammation have been strongly associated with  depression, and the anti-inflammatory action of St. John’s Wort presents another reason for the strong anti-depressant property of this herb.

Infections

Hypericum perforatum has been found to be active against a number of  bacterial microorganisms, but it’s most powerful effect appears to be against viruses.

The anti-viral action  is specific to enveloped viruses, possibly through preventing the fusing of the viral envelope to the host cell.

Enveloped viruses include herpes viruses, varicella zoster (chicken pox and shinges) virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-bar (mononucleosis, “kissing”) virus, hepatitis virus, HIV and many other viruses.

St. John's Wort Botanical | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopath

Ways to take St. John’s Wort

Hypericum perforatum is commercially available to take in a standardize capsule containing an alcohol extract of the herb, typically with a specific dose of the constituent hypericin.

This is the form that has been used in many clinical trials that have shown great benefit of this herb in the treatment of depression.

It is also efficacious in tincture form.  This is my preferred method, as less processing of the herb, preserves the essence and energy of the plant.

An oil can be made fresh flowers and leaves and to be used topically as an anti-inflammatory and anti-viral.

Teas and decoctions are also made from this plant and may be best used for its anti-inflammatory, astringent and pain-relieving effects.

Clinical trails have shown alcoholic extracts of St. John’s Wort being most efficacious for treating depression, so the tea may not be the best choice if being used for this condition.

Caution

Do not use St. John’s Wort without consulting a physician who is familiar with herbal medicine.

Never combine St. John’s Wort with anti-depressant medication as this can potentiate the effect of the medication, potentially leading to overdose symptoms.

This plant increases the activity of a liver enzyme called CYP3A4, involved with phase 1 liver detoxication so should not be taken if on medication that is metabolized by this enzymes as it can reduce the efficacy of the medication.

Hypericum perforatum can potentially (though rarely) cause photosensitivity in susceptible individuals, causing skin redness, so be cautious of this effect and discontinue if it occurs.

If you’re curious about whether this herb might be suitable for you, feel free to contact us for an appointment.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References:

  1. Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
  2. World Health Organization. WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Volume 2, World Health Organization, 1997
  3. King, J. King’s American Dispensatory. Ohio Valley Company, 1898

To read additional ways about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopathic

How to Make, Fresh Homemade Yogurt



Yogurt is one of the most accessible fermented foods you can
eat, with a rich history going all the way back 6,000 years ago in Central
Asia, most likely in Turkey. During that time, herdsmen preserved the milk
harvested from their cattle in animal stomachs that contained probiotics. As a
result, the milk became fermented, which provided them a wealth of health
benefits.





Eventually, yogurt reached the United States in the 1700s through
Turkish immigrants, but it only became widespread during the 1950s when the
awareness of consuming organic and fermented foods was on the rise. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Making your own yogurt is quite easy, but you need to follow
the instructions below to the letter to yield high-quality results. The only
two things you need are raw, grass fed milk and a yogurt starter culture. Once
you have these two items, you can proceed with the fermenting process:





Ingredients:




1 ½ quarts of raw, grass fed milk




Dr. Mercola’s Kinetic Culture Starter Kit for
Yogurt





Procedure:





1.
Add the milk in a pot, then heat to 185 degrees Fahrenheit
for 30 minutes using a double boiler. Stir frequently.



2.
Cool the milk to 110 degrees while still
stirring occasionally.



3.
Once cooled, add the packet of Kinetic Culture
yogurt starter to the pot and stir well.



4.
Pour the mixture into the Kinetic Culture yogurt
maker glass jars.



5.
Place the uncovered jars into your yogurt maker
and cover the unit with clear lid. Set temperature to 110 degrees and set the
timer.



6.
Let the yogurt culture for six to eight hours.



7.
Remove the jars from the unit, cover with lids
and cool in the refrigerator overnight or at least six hours.





Here’s how to make
Greek yogurt from your yogurt, once it’s finished fermenting in the yogurt
maker:





1.
Stretch a piece of cheesecloth or clean tea
towel over the top of a bowl and secure it in place with rubber bands to form a
strainer.



2.
Open your cups of yogurt and carefully pour onto
the strainer.



3.
Place the yogurt in the refrigerator and allow
it to drain for at least two hours. The longer the draining time, the thicker
your yogurt will be.



4.
Once it reaches your desired thickness, spoon
yogurt back into individual serving jars or other storage container and
refrigerate.







Fermenting the Milk Brings Out Nutrients That Are Essential for a Healthier
Body





Throughout history, various cultures have used fermentation
to help prolong the shelf life of their food. Asian cultures fermented
vegetables such as cabbage,
eggplant, cucumbers and onions, while European
cultures consumed fermented dairy beverages such as kefir.



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Interestingly, research has showed that these fermented foods can
help your health as well.



Fermented foods possess certain nutrients that are hard to
find in other food sources. One example is vitamin K2, which can help with the
proper formation of bones and lower your risk of arterial plaque buildup. These
foods are also a good source of B vitamins, which can help your body maximize
the energy it gets from the other foods you eat. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Some of the benefits you can get from consuming fermented
foods regularly include:






Immune system
boost -
Probiotics actually play an important role in your health by
protecting you against pathogens that may overwhelm your immune system.





In one study, researchers discovered that
the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus can help protect against the
effects of toxic heavy metals in children and pregnant women. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Brain health
-
Consuming yogurt may have a positive effect on your mental health.
According to a study conducted by UCLA researchers, they noticed that those who
consumed yogurt regularly exhibited improved emotional response in an
emotion-recognition task. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Diabetes management
-
Evidence suggests that probiotics can help manage blood sugar levels.
According to a 2016 meta-analysis, probiotic consumption may help lower insulin
resistance in people who have type
2 diabetes
, especially if the product consumed has multiple beneficial
strains. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Why You Need to Use Raw, Grass Fed Milk When Making Yogurt





Undoubtedly, the star of yogurt is its probiotics, which can
provide you with numerous benefits that have been mentioned above. However,
it’s important to consider the other equation of yogurt, which is the milk.





It’s important to use high-quality grass fed milk because it
provides a good foundation for the healthy bacteria to grow and ferment.
Furthermore, it’s simply a safer, healthier choice compared to pasteurized milk
and other dairy products from cows raised in concentrated
animal feeding operations (CAFOs)
.





Raw milk tends to have a slightly yellow color. That’s
because it contains natural antioxidants that are found
in the grass that cows consume. These natural carotenoids are actually a
precursor to vitamin A. In addition, raw milk has the following benefits:






Naturally occurring probiotics




Various enzymes, growth factors and antibodies
that can help boost your health in numerous ways




Rich in healthy fats and proteins that are 100
percent digestible




Vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K, as well as
minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and iron




Omega-3 fatty acids





Avoid Commercially Manufactured Yogurt





Buying store-bought yogurt is one of the biggest mistakes
you can do that can endanger your health. Ironically, many yogurt manufacturers
add sugar to their products to make them more appealing and to increase sales,
but it basically negates everything that real yogurt is good for.





Again, if you want to maximize the benefits of yogurt, you
have to make it at home. It’s the best way to be sure that you’re eating a
high-quality product filled with beneficial bacteria. Don’t forget to share
this nutritious recipe with your friends and family!

How To Treat Chronic Headaches With Diet & Lifestyle Changes

Annex Naturopathic

how to treat chronic headaches | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopath

I can’t count how many times a patient has come in to our naturopathic doctor clinic with one complaint, and only when asked, they non-chalantly mention they suffer headaches on a daily basis: “but I just take Tylenol and it goes away”, or “it’s normal for me”, or “I’ve had them all my life”.

Let me just set something straight: Headaches are not normal, and the source should be treated.

What are headaches?

A number of medicine-based websites define “headache” as any pain of the neck and head area.

Simple definitions equals simple treatments right? Pain=painkiller?

If I were to rewrite that definition, I would probably add that “headaches are a symptom of a underlying cause.”

Even reputable medical resources don’t recognize the cause for common headaches, only really delving in to what drugs may suppress the pain.

Finding the cause of any symptom is the essence and root of treatment, and finding and treating cause may enable one to be rid of all these nasty symptoms.

What are the causes of headaches?

We want to make sure that the causes are not life-threatening or serious.

Your healthcare provider will determine this through a thorough intake of the history and character of the headaches,  as well as a physical examination of your neurological system.

If there are any warning signs, you will be referred for blood tests and possibly CT or MRI scans of the head.

If everything is clear, your healthcare practitioner will categorize your headache based on its characteristics.  These include:

  • Cluster
  • Tension
  • Migraine
  • Chronic daily headache – Types included in this are: chronic migraine, chronic tension-type, new daily persistent, and hemicrania continua, all defined by the type of pain.

Chronic daily headaches are the most common headaches experienced by people and are the focus of this article.

The World Health Organization (WHO) states that 1 out 20 adults suffer from these types of headaches every day.

Its causes can be broken down to the basics: diet, lifestyle and nutrition.  Some causes of common headaches include:

  • Stress
  • Poor dietary habits, and conditions associated such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease (high blood pressure)
  • Smoking
  • Nutrient deficiency
  • Dehydration
  • Muscle tension – posture
  • Eyesight
  • Poor sleep
  • Food allergies

Now does it make sense that popping 4-8 painkillers a day would target these causes?

It may temporarily decrease the pain, but the underlying causes are still there.  Diet provides the basis of the environment by which your body functions, and a poor diet only causes poor bodily function.

Things like coffee, soda, pop, and fast foods are not only dehydrating and lack nutrients, but can spike blood sugar levels after consumption, and consequently cause insulin levels to rise.

When insulin rises, it causes a massive drop in blood sugar, leading to blood flow changes to the brain, causing headaches.

A poor diet also makes one susceptible to high blood pressure (a leading cause of headaches), thereby increasing the risk for cardiovascular disease.

Refined sugars can also cause hormone imbalances (such as cortisol and epinephrine) leading to problems with stress, sleep, and energy.

Stress can also cause tightening of the neck and shoulder muscles, as well as increasing blood pressure, both of which contribute to recurring headaches.

Headaches can be a good indicator that it may be time to improve your dietary habits to prevent chronic disease.

A diet full of junk not only has negative effects on blood sugar, but also causes havoc on your gastrointestinal system.

The intestinal lining is often damaged due to poor nutrition, leading to food sensitivities and decreased nutrient absorption.

Also, the good bacterial flora is often compromised, and the increased sugars feed unwanted microbes such as yeast, allowing them to grow and cause gastrointestinal problems.

Food allergies can manifest in a number of different ways, such as skin conditions, asthma, allergies, and more.

But more often than not, symptoms could be as unclear as fatigue and headaches.

ways to treat chronic headaches | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Toronto Naturopath

Ways treat headaches

As you can see, these are several reasons why headaches may be a good indicator of your overall health.

A good diet not only prevents and treats all that was mentioned above, but also improves the health of your adrenal glands (and cortisol release) allowing you to cope with stress efficiently, decreasing your future risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Naturopathic doctors are skilled in determining these causes as well as implementing treatments that can reverse these effects, without the use of synthetic pain killers.

Diet and lifestyle modifications are essential to all aspects of health, and while they improve, so do the headaches.  Here are a few tips for preventing headaches during the day:

  • Keep hydrated – drink AT LEAST 6 cups of water a day
  • Decrease snacks and drinks loaded with refined sugars (candy, pop/soda, etc)
  • Make sure to be replenished with proper electrolytes, especially after strenuous exercise
  • Reduce coffee consumption to 1x/day and replace extra cups with lower-caffeinated teas such as green tea
  • Get a good night’s sleep
  • Relieve stress through mediation, exercise, spend time with those whose company you enjoy
  • Take breaks from your computer during the day to relieve eye strain
  • Get fresh air
  • Ensure your digestion is working optimally - weak digestion equals poor absorption of nutrients, where deficiencies can lead to headaches

Naturopathic doctors can also perform treatments that provide symptomatic relief to headaches while we are improving the diet, such as acupuncture, botanicals and homeopathic medicines.

Please contact your healthcare provider if:

  • If you experience an abrupt, severe headache (feels like a Thunderclap)
  • If you’re present with fever, stiff neck, numbness, tingling, visual disturbances, confusion, trouble speaking
  • Associated with seizures
  • Progressive headaches, associated with cough, or exertion
  • Progressive headaches after a head injury

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References:

  1. World Health Organization [homepage on the Internet]: World Health Organization (WHO); c2010 [updated 2004 March; cited 2010 Feb 2].Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs277/en/
  2. The Mayo Clinic [homepage on the Internet]: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER); c1998-2010 [updated 2009 June 23; cited 2010 Feb 2]. Available from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/chronic-daily-headaches/DS00646/DSECTION=symptoms
  3. Beers MH, Porter RS, Jones TV, Kaplan JL, Berkwits M, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 18th ed. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 2006.
  4. Gardner, L. and Reiser, S. “Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate on Fasting Levels of Human Growth Hormone and Cortisol.” Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. 1982;169:36-40.
  5. Wright RJ, Frier BM. Vascular disease and diabetes: is hypoglycaemia an aggravating factor? Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2008 Jul-Aug;24(5):353-63

To discover additional ways about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopathy toronto

How To Treat Estrogen Dominance Through Diet And Lifestyle

Annex Naturopathic

How to treat estrogen dominance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopaths

Estrogen dominance is a sinister hormone imbalance that typically isn’t caused by one single factor.

Our previous two articles - What Are The Causes of Estrogen Dominance?, and Estrogen Dominance: The Hormone Imbalance You’re Told You Don’t Have - outlined the main reasons why someone may have estrogen dominance and the health conditions associated with having poor estrogen metabolism.

Understanding that liver health, diet, inflammation and environmental exposures all play a crucial role in your estrogen health, here are a few simple changes you can make in order to optimize your estrogen status

1. Support liver health

We have a whole article on why liver health is important, and now we know that liver health is also important in preventing estrogen dominance.

Improve your liver health by eating clean, emphasizing consumption of bitter leafy greens, drink a good amount of water and reduce your toxin load by reducing preservative-laden foods.

2. Eat Brassicae family (Cabbage) vegetables

This food group is particularly important in estrogen dominance.

Brassicae family vegetables contains a compound called Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), which has been found to favour healthy phase 1 conversion of estrogen to 2-OH-estrogens in women, which we know is protective against estrogen dominant conditions, while decreasing other metabolites (16-OH-estrogens), known to exacerbate estrogen dominant conditions (1-3).

This group of veggies are a great source of fibre, which is also great for binding and clearing estrogens, contain tonnes of antioxidants that help protect the liver against oxidative damage.

Members of this family include:

  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Kale
  • Rutabaga
  • Rapini
  • Kohlrabi
  • Bokchoy
  • Collard Greens

I always suggest lightly cooking these vegetables before consuming - raw forms can be hard on the stomach and can also slow down thyroid function.

3. Reduce stress

Practicing stress-relieving activities is good for overall health.

The stress hormone cortisol, when secreted in excess, will alter blood sugar metabolism - increasing glucose and insulin.

High insulin states perpetuate inflammation, and promote obesity, two risk factors for estrogen dominance.

Imbalanced cortisol on its own has been linked to higher inflammatory states.  Progesterone, the hormone that balances estrogen and regulates its effects, is also lowered by high cortisol and inflammation.

Try reducing stress by exercising, practicing mediation and mindfulness.

You can read more about how to reduce stress from a previous article.

How to treat hormonal imbalance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopaths

4. Eat clean meats and reduce meat consumption

Diet full of poor quality saturated fat and trans-fats promote inflammation - poor quality meats tend to be riddled with high amounts of these type fats.

Animals fed grain and corn aren’t as lean and tend to be fed antibiotics and injected with hormones to increase their weight for greater profit.

These added chemicals not only increase the chemical load on our body when we consume these foods, the added hormones add estrogen to our bodies, promoting estrogen dominance!

Go with grass-fed, pasture-raised meats, or at least try to pick meats that are raised hormone and antibiotic-free.

Compounds found in well-cooked meat (heterocyclic amines and metabolites) can bind to and active estrogen receptors (4).To control levels of inflammation related to increased meat consumption, try eating 4-5 ounces, high quality red meat 1-2x a week, poultry up to 3x/week, and fish 2-3x/week.

Focus on legumes and eggs to fill the protein for the rest of your meals.  If you go with soy, pick organic soy, and eat 1 cup cooked 1-2x/week for a balanced phytoestrogenic effect.

Dairy should be avoided as many people are sensitive to dairy and it’s proteins (not just lactose), and milk from pregnant cows are very high in estrogen.

If you choose to eat dairy, go for ethically raised, organic cheeses and yogurt as they are better for the digestion, and stay away from liquid milk forms as a whole.

5. Avoid chemical products

As we saw, there are a number of chemical compounds that mimic estrogen in the body, increase aromatase, are liver toxic, and in general are carcinogenic.

Chemicals specifically found to lead to estrogen-dominant conditions, specifically cancers, include (4):

  • Found in cosmetic products and soaps:
    • metalloestrogens such as aluminum salts
    • parabens
    • cyclosiloxanes
    • triclosan (found in hand sanitizer)
    • phthalates
    • musk
    • UV sunscreens
  • Plastic packaging:
    • Styrene - a widely used plastic for food packaging
    • Bisphenol-A (BPA): the WORST - found to activate aromatase, lower progesterone effect, bind and activate estrogen

6. Balance your progesterone

Many women are walking around with low levels of progesterone, typically due to stress - which could be the biggest reason why estrogen dominance is present.

Symptoms of low progesterone include

  • PMS symptoms such as depression (intense), breast tenderness in the upper outer quadrants of the breast, acne, migraines and night sweats
  • Pre-menstrual spotting or spotting throughout the cycle (breakthrough bleeding)
  • Many women come in feeling that their PMS symptoms start long before 1 week before their menstrual flow - typically starting right after ovulation. This is a classic sign progesterone deficiency.

If you suspect that you might have estrogen dominance, progesterone deficiency, or you’re unsure, book with one of us - we are able to provide a thorough assessment on your hormonal health.

We also offer testing to assess estrogen dominance through measuring the different estrogen metabolites (such as 2-OH, 4-OH, 16-OH) through urine testing.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References

  1. Rogan EG. The natural chemopreventive compound indole-3-carbinol: state of the science. In Vivo. 2006 Mar-Apr;20(2):221-8.
  2. Michnovicz JJ. Changes in levels of urinary estrogen metabolites after oral indole-3-carbinol treatment in humans. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997 May 21;89(10):718-23.
  3. Reed GA., et. al. A phase I study of indole-3- carbinol in women: tolerability and effects. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Aug;14(8):1953-60.
  4. Fucic A et. al. Environmental exposure to xenoestrogens and oestrogen related cancers: reproductive system, breast, lung, kidney, pancreas, and brain. Environ Health. 2012 Jun 28;11 Suppl 1:S8

To see more ideas about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: holistic doctor toronto

The Early Signs of a Stroke

A stroke is often referred to as a cerebrovascular accident or a CVA for short. This occurs when the blood vessels in the brain become blocked or burst. When either one of these events occur, the oxygen supply to the brain is cut off. This will cause the brain cells to die.


A stoke will fall under one of two main categories. There is an ischemic stroke and a hemorrhagic stroke. The treatment for these two categories of strokes is very different. It is critical that the type of stroke is defined before treatment starts.


An ischemic stroke is when a major blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain becomes blocked with a blood clot. This type of stroke is treatable if it is diagnosed fast enough.


A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. This will cause bleeding around the brain or into the brain itself. A person that has high blood pressure and atherosclerosis is at high risk for this type of stroke. The outcome of this type of stroke is poor. Treatment can be risky and can be dangerous to the patient. But advances are being made in the treatment regimen for hemorrhagic strokes.


Early Signs of a Stroke


It is important that you are able to recognize the early signs of a stroke. The earlier a stroke is detected, the better the treatment outcome.


One of the early signs of a stroke may be sudden weakness. The victim may experience numbness or paralysis of the face. The numbness may extend to the arm or leg on one side of the body.


A change in communication skills is often one of the signs of a stroke. The stroke victim may lose their ability to speak. They may have trouble talking, such as finding the right words to communicate. The stroke victim may also lose their ability to understand what is being said to them.


Loss of vision, especially in one eye, is also one of the early signs of a stroke. The stroke victim may also complain of a sudden, severe headache, for which there is no obvious cause.


When a person is having a stroke, he may have complaints of unexplained dizziness. Another of the signs of a stroke that you may notice is the stroke victim having trouble maintaining their balance. Coordination is poor and the person may not be able to remain upright.


Early Detection and Intervention Depends on Identifying the Signs of a Stroke


Early intervention is critical for a favorable outcome in a stroke victim. If a person is having an ischemic stroke, there is medication available that can bust up the clot that is blocking the blood flow to the brain. But the stroke victim has to meet specific criteria and arrive to the emergency room within three hours of the onset of symptoms.


Becoming familiar with the early signs of a stroke may save your life or the life of a loved one. The sooner a stroke is detected, the better the outcome for survival.


Keep Your Heart Healthy!


Cardio Support contains ingredients that affect different aspects of cardiovascular health, including arterial integrity, blood health, heart muscle strength and better blood flow.


Additionally, the ingredients in Cardio Support overlap their abilities, to enhance one another’s effects, increasing long-term heart health and protection against degenerative disease.


Cardio Support is the only natural supplement that we are aware of which utilizes enteric coating technology to safely release the active ingredients in the stomach.


This delivery method not only protects the enzymes such as Nattokinase but also greatly enhances the efficacy of other ingredients present such as Resveratrol and L-Glutathione.


No other formula covers so many ‘angles’ to manage and protect your cardiovascular system, and yet Cardio Support is still natural with no known side effects.


Learn more about Cardio Support now.

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What Are The Causes of Estrogen Dominance?

The Causes of Estrogen Dominance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopath

Our last article outlined what estrogen dominance is, and how liver health plays a role in estrogen metabolism and estrogen dominance.  There are a number of other causes for estrogen dominance - many of which are influenced by your day to day lifestyle.  It may be surprising to you to find out that many daily exposures can increase your chance of developing estrogen dominance.

Inflammation

Inflammation is the worst.

This chronic condition has been tied to basically all disease - heart disease, cancer, mental health conditions, to name a few.  Inflammation plays a crucial role in the development of estrogen dominance.

As we know from the previous article, proper liver health is crucial for proper estrogen metabolism, and one way inflammation can impact estrogen dominance is burdening liver function.

However, there’s another way inflammation can directly affect estrogen dominance - through activation of an enzyme called aromatase, a cytochrome P450 enzyme active in the liver, skin, bones, ovaries, adipose tissue, adrenal glands, brain and breasts - everywhere where estrogen has an effect on the tissue.

Aromatase is an enzyme that is key for estrogen synthesis in a healthy biological female and works in regulation with the body to keep estrogen conversion from androgens healthy and limited.

Estrogen dominant conditions, such as endometriosis, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, are associated with increased and dysregulated aromatase activity(1).  There has been direct relationship between inflammation and aromatase activity, with much of the research looking in to how obesity, a disease of chronic inflammation, activates aromatase.

The link between inflammation and increased aromatase is a vicious cycle - increased adipose tissue is riddled with inflammatory structures (crown-like structures) which secrete pro-inflammatory signals.

These inflammatory signals increase aromatase activity in the adipose tissues, which in turn increases estrogen production.  Excessive estrogen can cause problems with blood sugar (insulin resistance) and can mess with your hormone leptin, the hormone that makes you feel full - therefore promotes obesity.

These inflammatory crown-like-structures were not only found in adipose tissue but in breast tissue in overweight-obese women undergoing surgery for breast cancer.(2).

But it’s not just related to weight - both obese and non-obese women with marked inflammation (detected on bloodwork), and conditions of inflammation such as insulin resistance (high blood sugar) are at higher risk of developing breast cancer through increased aromatase activity (3,4).

Pain occurs typically in response to inflammation, so it makes sense that if estrogen dominance is an inflammatory condition, why symptoms are centred around pain (painful periods, painful breasts).

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals

There are a number of environmental causes for increases of aromatase activity.  Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical commonly found in plastic that has been found to increase both aromatase and inflammation.

BPA has been deemed an ovarian, uterine and reproductive toxicant - therefore do not consume! (5)  Other causes such as alcohol, chemical home care products, the birth control pill, smoking and pesticides (glyphosates) all increase aromatase activity (1).
BPA has also been found to increase the production of the “bad” estrogen metabolite, 4-OH-estrogen, compared to 2-OH pathway, which we know increases risk of estogen-dominant conditions (remember the last article?)

Not only do these chemicals increase aromatase activity, they can directly bind to estrogen receptors, stronger than actual estrogen, causing excessive estrogen-like effects on the tissue.

These are called xenoestrogens, can play a large role in the development in estrogen-related cancers such as breast cancers, uterine and ovarian cancer (7).

Xenoestrogens are a group of chemicals found in environmental pollutants (pesticides), chemical products (BPA in plastic) cosmetic products [parabens, metalloestrogens (cadium, aluminum), phathlates, musk etc].

Estrogen Dominance Hormonal Imbalance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopath

Progesterone Imbalance

This hormone is an important factor in estrogen dominance.

Progesterone is responsible for “balancing” estrogen, so appropriate levels of progesterone are important for preventing estrogen-dominant conditions.

Just like estrogen, progesterone is affected by inflammation - an inflammatory molecule called prostaglandin-E2 (PGE-2), not only stimulates aromatase, but also blocks progesterone receptor expression, therefore reducing the progesterone effect.

Progesterone can also be reduced in the face of high stress - this is because progesterone and the stress hormone cortisol, are made from the same ingredient, pregnenolone.  When you’re stressed, your body needs to make more cortisol, so progesterone production suffers.

High cortisol also encourages inflammation, as we know further encourages estrogen dominance by increasing aromatase, and blocking progesterone.

So now that we know environmental factors, stress and inflammation can also contribute to estrogen dominance, the next article will centre around how we can improve estrogen, progesterone balance and reduce inflammation through diet and lifestyle methods.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References

  • Patel S. Disruption of aromatase homeostasis as the cause of a multiplicity of ailments: A comprehensive review.J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2017 Apr;168:19-25.
  • Morris P et. al. Inflammation and increased aromatase expression occur in the breast tissue of obese women with breast cancer. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2011 Jul;4(7):1021-9.
  • Brown KA et. al. Menopause Is a Determinant of Breast Aromatase Expression and Its Associations With BMI, Inflammation, and Systemic Markers.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 May 1;102(5):1692-1701.
  • Iyengar NM., et. al. Metabolic Obesity, Adipose Inflammation and Elevated Breast Aromatase in Women with Normal Body Mass Index.Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2017 Apr;10(4):235-243
  • Peretz J et. al Bisphenol a and reproductive health: update of experimental and human evidence, 2007-2013.Environ Health Perspect. 2014 Aug;122(8):775-86
  • Kim EJ et. al Association between urinary levels of bisphenol-A and estrogen metabolism in Korean adults.Sci Total Environ. 2014 Feb 1;470-471:1401-7
  • Fucic A et. al. Environmental exposure to xenoestrogens and oestrogen related cancers: reproductive system, breast, lung, kidney, pancreas, and brain.Environ Health. 2012 Jun 28;11 Suppl 1:S8

To learn more tips about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: natural path near me

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