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The Early Signs of a Stroke

A stroke is often referred to as a cerebrovascular accident or a CVA for short. This occurs when the blood vessels in the brain become blocked or burst. When either one of these events occur, the oxygen supply to the brain is cut off. This will cause the brain cells to die.


A stoke will fall under one of two main categories. There is an ischemic stroke and a hemorrhagic stroke. The treatment for these two categories of strokes is very different. It is critical that the type of stroke is defined before treatment starts.


An ischemic stroke is when a major blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain becomes blocked with a blood clot. This type of stroke is treatable if it is diagnosed fast enough.


A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. This will cause bleeding around the brain or into the brain itself. A person that has high blood pressure and atherosclerosis is at high risk for this type of stroke. The outcome of this type of stroke is poor. Treatment can be risky and can be dangerous to the patient. But advances are being made in the treatment regimen for hemorrhagic strokes.


Early Signs of a Stroke


It is important that you are able to recognize the early signs of a stroke. The earlier a stroke is detected, the better the treatment outcome.


One of the early signs of a stroke may be sudden weakness. The victim may experience numbness or paralysis of the face. The numbness may extend to the arm or leg on one side of the body.


A change in communication skills is often one of the signs of a stroke. The stroke victim may lose their ability to speak. They may have trouble talking, such as finding the right words to communicate. The stroke victim may also lose their ability to understand what is being said to them.


Loss of vision, especially in one eye, is also one of the early signs of a stroke. The stroke victim may also complain of a sudden, severe headache, for which there is no obvious cause.


When a person is having a stroke, he may have complaints of unexplained dizziness. Another of the signs of a stroke that you may notice is the stroke victim having trouble maintaining their balance. Coordination is poor and the person may not be able to remain upright.


Early Detection and Intervention Depends on Identifying the Signs of a Stroke


Early intervention is critical for a favorable outcome in a stroke victim. If a person is having an ischemic stroke, there is medication available that can bust up the clot that is blocking the blood flow to the brain. But the stroke victim has to meet specific criteria and arrive to the emergency room within three hours of the onset of symptoms.


Becoming familiar with the early signs of a stroke may save your life or the life of a loved one. The sooner a stroke is detected, the better the outcome for survival.


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What Are The Causes of Estrogen Dominance?

The Causes of Estrogen Dominance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopath

Our last article outlined what estrogen dominance is, and how liver health plays a role in estrogen metabolism and estrogen dominance.  There are a number of other causes for estrogen dominance - many of which are influenced by your day to day lifestyle.  It may be surprising to you to find out that many daily exposures can increase your chance of developing estrogen dominance.

Inflammation

Inflammation is the worst.

This chronic condition has been tied to basically all disease - heart disease, cancer, mental health conditions, to name a few.  Inflammation plays a crucial role in the development of estrogen dominance.

As we know from the previous article, proper liver health is crucial for proper estrogen metabolism, and one way inflammation can impact estrogen dominance is burdening liver function.

However, there’s another way inflammation can directly affect estrogen dominance - through activation of an enzyme called aromatase, a cytochrome P450 enzyme active in the liver, skin, bones, ovaries, adipose tissue, adrenal glands, brain and breasts - everywhere where estrogen has an effect on the tissue.

Aromatase is an enzyme that is key for estrogen synthesis in a healthy biological female and works in regulation with the body to keep estrogen conversion from androgens healthy and limited.

Estrogen dominant conditions, such as endometriosis, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, are associated with increased and dysregulated aromatase activity(1).  There has been direct relationship between inflammation and aromatase activity, with much of the research looking in to how obesity, a disease of chronic inflammation, activates aromatase.

The link between inflammation and increased aromatase is a vicious cycle - increased adipose tissue is riddled with inflammatory structures (crown-like structures) which secrete pro-inflammatory signals.

These inflammatory signals increase aromatase activity in the adipose tissues, which in turn increases estrogen production.  Excessive estrogen can cause problems with blood sugar (insulin resistance) and can mess with your hormone leptin, the hormone that makes you feel full - therefore promotes obesity.

These inflammatory crown-like-structures were not only found in adipose tissue but in breast tissue in overweight-obese women undergoing surgery for breast cancer.(2).

But it’s not just related to weight - both obese and non-obese women with marked inflammation (detected on bloodwork), and conditions of inflammation such as insulin resistance (high blood sugar) are at higher risk of developing breast cancer through increased aromatase activity (3,4).

Pain occurs typically in response to inflammation, so it makes sense that if estrogen dominance is an inflammatory condition, why symptoms are centred around pain (painful periods, painful breasts).

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals

There are a number of environmental causes for increases of aromatase activity.  Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical commonly found in plastic that has been found to increase both aromatase and inflammation.

BPA has been deemed an ovarian, uterine and reproductive toxicant - therefore do not consume! (5)  Other causes such as alcohol, chemical home care products, the birth control pill, smoking and pesticides (glyphosates) all increase aromatase activity (1).
BPA has also been found to increase the production of the “bad” estrogen metabolite, 4-OH-estrogen, compared to 2-OH pathway, which we know increases risk of estogen-dominant conditions (remember the last article?)

Not only do these chemicals increase aromatase activity, they can directly bind to estrogen receptors, stronger than actual estrogen, causing excessive estrogen-like effects on the tissue.

These are called xenoestrogens, can play a large role in the development in estrogen-related cancers such as breast cancers, uterine and ovarian cancer (7).

Xenoestrogens are a group of chemicals found in environmental pollutants (pesticides), chemical products (BPA in plastic) cosmetic products [parabens, metalloestrogens (cadium, aluminum), phathlates, musk etc].

Estrogen Dominance Hormonal Imbalance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto Naturopath

Progesterone Imbalance

This hormone is an important factor in estrogen dominance.

Progesterone is responsible for “balancing” estrogen, so appropriate levels of progesterone are important for preventing estrogen-dominant conditions.

Just like estrogen, progesterone is affected by inflammation - an inflammatory molecule called prostaglandin-E2 (PGE-2), not only stimulates aromatase, but also blocks progesterone receptor expression, therefore reducing the progesterone effect.

Progesterone can also be reduced in the face of high stress - this is because progesterone and the stress hormone cortisol, are made from the same ingredient, pregnenolone.  When you’re stressed, your body needs to make more cortisol, so progesterone production suffers.

High cortisol also encourages inflammation, as we know further encourages estrogen dominance by increasing aromatase, and blocking progesterone.

So now that we know environmental factors, stress and inflammation can also contribute to estrogen dominance, the next article will centre around how we can improve estrogen, progesterone balance and reduce inflammation through diet and lifestyle methods.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D


Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References

  • Patel S. Disruption of aromatase homeostasis as the cause of a multiplicity of ailments: A comprehensive review.J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2017 Apr;168:19-25.
  • Morris P et. al. Inflammation and increased aromatase expression occur in the breast tissue of obese women with breast cancer. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2011 Jul;4(7):1021-9.
  • Brown KA et. al. Menopause Is a Determinant of Breast Aromatase Expression and Its Associations With BMI, Inflammation, and Systemic Markers.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 May 1;102(5):1692-1701.
  • Iyengar NM., et. al. Metabolic Obesity, Adipose Inflammation and Elevated Breast Aromatase in Women with Normal Body Mass Index.Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2017 Apr;10(4):235-243
  • Peretz J et. al Bisphenol a and reproductive health: update of experimental and human evidence, 2007-2013.Environ Health Perspect. 2014 Aug;122(8):775-86
  • Kim EJ et. al Association between urinary levels of bisphenol-A and estrogen metabolism in Korean adults.Sci Total Environ. 2014 Feb 1;470-471:1401-7
  • Fucic A et. al. Environmental exposure to xenoestrogens and oestrogen related cancers: reproductive system, breast, lung, kidney, pancreas, and brain.Environ Health. 2012 Jun 28;11 Suppl 1:S8

To learn more tips about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: natural path near me

Helichrysum Oil Can Offer Heaps of Health Benefits

To find additional information about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: goo.gl/y0Ptyv-



It's heartbreaking to see your kids come home crying because of some bumps and bruises they got from playing outside. Instead of holding them back from playing outside and frolicking in the sun, just keep helichrysum essential oil on hand.


What Is Helichrysum Oil?

There are over 600 species of helichrysum. However, the most common helichrysum essential oil is Helichrysum italicum. It's native to the Mediterranean area and Asia, and it's harvested mostly in Italy, the Balkans, Spain and France.1 The name "helichrysum" originates from the Greek word "helios," which means sun, and "chrysos," which means gold, referring to the flower's color.2 Helichrysum belongs to sunflower (asteraceae) family; hence the resemblance.

Helichrysum oil is also known by other names such as...
[Read More ...]

Spice Up Your Foods With These Healthy Hummus Variations

The word hummus is literally the direct translation of the
Arab word for chickpeas. It’s believed that hummus goes back hundreds of years
ago, with the earliest confirmed source dating back to 13th-century cookbooks. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Many countries claim to have created hummus, but the exact origin has been
lost. Today, nations such as Turkey, Lebanon, Syria and Egypt enjoy hummus as
an important part of their cuisine and diet. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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If you haven’t tried hummus yet, it’s a great way to get
more flavor from your other foods. Furthermore, it’s a gluten-free dish, Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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which can help you avoid the health risks associated with eating grains. I
recommend trying out the classic recipe first, then you can proceed with the
other variations mentioned below. I’ve also added a section on how you can use
hummus in different ways to maximize its benefits.





Classic Hummus
Ingredients:






2 cups of chickpeas




2 tablespoons of olive oil




½ teaspoon of salt




1 garlic clove




1 tablespoon of tahini




1 to 2 tablespoons of pure, filtered water





Procedure:





1.
Combine all ingredients in a food processor or
blender and pulse until the mixture starts to become smooth.



2.
With the motor running, slowly pour the olive
oil into the hummus. Add the salt and pepper and blend until smooth for about one
to two minutes.





Tip: If the
hummus is too thick for your liking, add 1 tablespoon of water at a time until
it’s the right consistency.





Below are other variations, and the procedure is just the
same as above.





Spicy Green Hummus
Ingredients:






2 cups of chickpeas




2 tablespoons of olive oil




½ teaspoon of salt




2 garlic cloves




1 tablespoon of tahini




1 tablespoon of pure, filtered water




¼ cup of parsley




3 green onions




2 jalapeno peppers




¼ cup of fresh lime juice





Turmeric Hummus
Ingredients:






2 cups of chickpeas




2 tablespoon of olive oil




1 teaspoon of salt




1 garlic clove




1 tablespoon of tahini




1 tablespoon of water




¼ cup of fresh lemon juice




1 tablespoon of turmeric
powder




2 teaspoons of ginger powder




1 teaspoon of ground black pepper







Chickpeas and Tahini: The Foundations of Hummus





Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are a type of
legume with origins in the Mediterranean and Middle East. As with other
legumes, chickpeas are a nutrition powerhouse. Here are a few notable health
benefits associated with eating them:






Bone
health:
Chickpeas are rich in iron, vitamin K, phosphate, calcium,
magnesium, zinc and manganese, which all help promote bone health. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Cholesterol:
In a study published in the Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, researchers
noted that adding chickpeas to your diet may help reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol
levels in your system. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Fiber:
Chickpeas contain beneficial levels of dietary fiber, which can help promote a
healthy digestive tract by facilitating the regular elimination of stools. As a
result, the chances of developing common digestive issues such as constipation
may be reduced. mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:
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EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">[vi]





The other half of the equation in hummus is tahini, which is
essentially a paste made from olive oil and crushed sesame seeds. It is also
used to create other Middle Eastern dishes like baba ghanoush and halvah. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Tahini can offer you the following
benefits: Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Rich in various minerals such as phosphorus,
lecithin, magnesium, potassium, calcium and iron.




Contains methionine, an amino acid that may help
in liver detoxification.




Has protein, which is helpful for your body’s
essential biological functions.




May help manage inflammation thanks to its
copper content. mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:
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EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">[ix]





I suggest making your own tahini using unhulled sesame seeds
because the skin contains most of the nutrients. Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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If you do not have the time or resources to make your own, I recommend
purchasing organic, unhulled tahini from a reputable source.





Mix Different Herbs and Spices to Experiment With the Flavor





The great thing about hummus is that you can add various herbs and spices
during the grinding process to modify its flavor. Furthermore, this method can
help improve the nutritional profile of your hummus. Here are some herbs and
spices you can add:






Parsley
[TNAS1]: This
herb is rich in vitamin K, which can help promote bone strength and may lower
your risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease by limiting neuronal damage in the
brain.




Jalapeno
peppers
[TNAS2]: These
peppers contain a compound called capsaicin, which may help with weight
management by increasing satiety. Capsaicin may also help lower your risk of
developing tumors by activating cell receptors in your intestinal lining.




Ginger
[TNAS3]: This
rhizome has carminative properties that can help promote the release of
intestinal gas. It also functions as an intestinal spasmolytic, which can help
relax and soothe your intestinal tract.




Turmeric
[TNAS4]: An
important component in the creation of curry, turmeric is particularly known
for its anti-inflammatory properties.




Black
pepper
[TNAS5]: This
common spice contains potassium, a mineral essential in helping maintain heart
rate and blood pressure. It also contains zinc, which may help promote cell
growth.





How to Enjoy Hummus in Different Ways





Aside from being easy to modify, hummus can be paired with
various foods. All you need is a bit of imagination and creativity, and hummus
can be a regular part of your diet. Here are several ways on how you can enjoy this
dish: Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
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Mashed
potatoes:
Replace the sour cream with hummus for more flavor and fewer
calories.




Deviled eggs:
Boil a few eggs, remove the yolks and stuff the whites with hummus to create a
tasty midday snack.




Salad dressing: Make a
tasty salad dressing by mixing hummus, olive oil, lemon juice and paprika.




Grilled
chicken:
Add more flavor to plain old grilled chicken by slathering it with
hummus and sprinkling crushed raw almonds on top. Make sure the almonds are not
pasteurized. mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:
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EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">[xii]




Stuffed
peppers:
Fill up bell peppers with hummus to serve as a simple and healthy appetizer
to party guests. mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:
minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:“Times New Roman”;
mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:
EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">[xiii]





The ones I mentioned above are just some ways to use hummus
in different situations. Of course, you can also eat hummus on its own, but
adding it to your favorite foods can make the flavor more interesting.

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What You MUST Know About Herbal Medicine

To discover additional ways on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: goo.gl/B3aBJJ-

So you’d really like to begin using herbs to help improve your health, but, where do you start? There are SO many different herbs and so many different websites touting how this herb will cure this and that herb will cure that. And then, there’s the other websites which say very different things about the
[Read More …]

It's Worth Your Time to Grow Thyme

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By Dr. Mercola
When someone decides to begin growing an herb garden, thyme is one of the most often-chosen herbs, in part because it’s very useful in a number of dishes to create depth and complexity. It’s becoming more and more clear how beneficial thyme is to health and, serendipitously, as a perennial thyme reappears year after year. There are several thyme varieties that are delicious in a range of dishes from soup to eggs, bruschetta and in savory sauces and salad dressings.
Recipes can be enhanced by using different thymes with recognizable foodie fragrances, such as lemon thyme, or lime, orange, balsam, nutmeg, caraway, coconut and oregano thyme. Creeping thyme is often used as a hardy ornamental ground cover or between flagstone pavers. These are designated Thymus…
[Read More …]

Estrogen Dominance: The Hormone Imbalance You're Told You Don't Have

Hormone Imbalance & Estrogen Dominance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto


As a female naturopathic doctor, I have a a great deal of experience in women's health issues. Much of it treating conditions likehormone imbalances andtheir effects on our quality of life.


Hormone imbalances are a complicated thing though.


Often times women will feel that their hormones are off, but after blood work and basic analysis, it's likely that everything will come back normal.


So how is it that hormones are normal, yet one day your body feels completely off, or that you one day find that you have fibroids? or endometriosis? or fertility issues?


What are some of the signs and symptoms that could lead you to potentially prevent and actually treat these conditions, instead of coming up with band-aid solutions to cover up the symptoms?


What is Estrogen Dominance?


Estrogen dominance is a hormonal condition that is often never detected in conventional medicine - the term dominance may indicate that a high level of estrogen would be detected on routine blood work, but this is not often the case.


In fact, estrogen typically comes back within normal range in women who have estrogen dominance - how is this so?


This is because estrogen dominance is a functional hormonal imbalance and is not a excess condition.


A functional hormonal imbalance indicates that while the body is clearly performing daily as it should, there are signs and symptoms that one experiences, whether it be mild or debilitating, indicate that the overall system is compromised.


This may not be a big deal, but if undetected and left untreated, can lead to chronic disease.


Signs and Symptoms of Estrogen Dominance


The interesting thing about estrogen dominance is that it's highly common in our society - many women experience symptoms of estrogen dominance monthly, some more severely than others.


The typical symptoms of estrogen dominance include:



  • PMS symptoms such as irritability, breast tenderness/swelling, premenstrual pain, acne, constipation, bloating, headaches

  • Painful periods

  • Irregular periods

  • Insomnia

  • Cyclical moodiness


Many women experience these symptoms and are told they are normal.


They are considered normal because these symptoms are a societal norm, meaning that many people have these symptoms so therefore it's normal, but from a health perspective, this is not normal!


If you have mild symptoms, it's likely that you're fine, but if any of these symptoms become severe and affect your day to day living, you definitely should consider being assessed for estrogen dominance.


Mainstream treatment for these symptoms usually involve being on hormonal contraception (birth control), anti-depressants, or pain-medications, and while these may help control your symptoms, none of these solutions actually target the root cause.


If the root cause isn't treated, it can lead to chronic disease


Hormone Imbalance & Hormone Tests | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto


Associated Symptoms


When you have increased amounts of estrogen in your body, this can highly affect estrogen-sensitive tissues.


The tissues that are most affected are in the breast and uterus.


Why is breast tenderness and swelling caused by estrogen-dominance?


It's because your breast tissue is hyper-stimulated.


Why do you feel pain during your menstrual flow, or experience extremely heavy flows when you have estrogen-dominance?


This is because your uterine lining is hyper-stimulated by estrogen dominance.


When these tissues are hyper-stimulated, that leads to cell proliferation - long term cell-proliferation in the breast can lead to breast cancer.


Long-term cell proliferation in the uterus is called endometrial hyperplasia, which is a risk factor for uterine fibroids, endometriosis and uterine cancer.


What causes estrogen dominance?


Estrogen dominance is when there is an abundance of estrogen wrecking havoc on the body that isn't being balanced by other hormones, or properly cleared by the liver.


Reasons for why someone can have estrogen dominances are stemmed from:



  1. Biochemical imbalances and genetic-related dysfunction of liver detoxification

  2. Increased estrogen production due to chemical exposure and inflammation

  3. Relative excess due to another hormone deficiency

  4. Environmental and dietary exposure to xenoestrogens.


I will go through each of these reasons in detail inupcoming articles.


Today we will focus on liver detoxification.


Estrogen and liver detoxification


Estrogen is activated and then detoxified by the liver.


Liver detoxification occurs in phases.


Phase 1 Liver Detoxification


Phase 1 is responsible for exposing a hydroxyl-group (OH) to the estrogen (estrone E1 for this discussion) molecule, which breaks it down to many different estrogen metabolites with this OH group.


Each metabolite has it's own impact and function on the body. When the liver is working properly, it breaks estrogen down so the ratio of these metabolites favour optimal estrogen effect: an abundance of the protective 2-OH-E1 metabolite.


When the liver is having problems with phase 1, then it may favour the production of other estrogen metabolites, ones that have carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effects on the estrogen-sensitive tissue - these metabolites are 16-OH-E1 and 4-OH-E1.


The reason why the liver may favour the production of some metabolites versus the other comes down to which enzymes are activated. 2-OH-E1 is produce through the CYP1A1 enzyme, 4-OH-E1 through CYP1B1 and 16-OH-E1 CYP3A4, all of these are part of Phase 1 enzyme system called the Cytochrome P450 system.


One could have a genetic abnormality in the enzyme for 2-OH-E1 (CYP1A1), or could be lacking the essential cofactors to the enzyme, rendering the enzyme more sluggish and unable to keep up with 2-OH-E1 production.


One could also be exposed to environmental toxins that can also render the enzyme functionally slow, or simply have a diet that isn't rich in foods that favour the production of 2-OH-E1.


Or for some reason, the enzymes for 4 and 16-OH-E1 can be upregulated, favouring their production over 2-OH-E1.


Phase 2Liver Detoxification


Phase 2is all about conjugation - binding the now hydrolyzed estrogen to a methyl-group to exert further effects of the body and to prepare the estrogen for excretion out of the body.


2-OH-E1 and 4-OH-E1 are conjugated by the same enzyme called COMT - this enzyme is essential for turning these in to 2 and 4 -methoxy-E1. 2-methoxy-E1 is protective to the body, while 4-methoxy-E1 is neutralized by this process.


COMT is also important for producing antioxidants by the liver, which are protective against cancers. Therefore, if this enzyme is dysfunctional (for reasons as suggested for the other enzymes above), then the protective and neutralizing effects are diminished.


In fact, studies found that women who have genetic abnormalities in the COMT gene had higher risk for estrogen-related disease, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, breast and uterine cancer (see below for references).


This genetic susceptibility also has been found to be dependent on ethnicity - for example women of African descent being the one of the most susceptible groups for uterine fibroids.


What we do know is that liver health is important for regulation of estrogen-metabolism and can play a significant role on how we develop estrogen-related disease.


Our phase 1 and phase 2 health decline as we age, our exposure to environmental pollutants and our nutrition. Take a look at our article on Liver Health to find out ways we can improve the strength and functionality of our detoxification processes, potentially improving our estrogen health.


Next week we will go through how inflammation, and other hormone imbalances can be associated with estrogen dominance and nutritional and herbal strategies to improve our overall hormonal health and to prevent chronic disease.





</p>


If you're curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.


Yours in Health,



Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D




Annex Naturopathic Clinic

572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1

-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62






References


1) Shen Y et. al. Role of single nucleotide polymorphisms in estrogen-metabolizing enzymes and susceptibility to uterine leiomyoma in Han Chinese: a case-control study.J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2014 Apr;40(4):1077-84.


2)Huang CS et. al. Breast cancer risk associated with genotype polymor- phism of the estrogen-metabolizing genes CYP17, CYP1A1, and COMT: a multigenic study on cancer susceptibility. Cancer Res 1999. 59:48704875


3) Al-Hendy A, Salama SA., Catechol-O-methyltransferase polymorphism is associated with increased uterine leiomyoma risk in different ethnic groups.J Soc Gynecol Investig. 2006 Feb;13(2):136-44.


4) Zhao XM., et. al. Polymorphism of catechol-o-methyltransferase gene in relation to the risk of endometrial cancer. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi.2007.42:116119


5)Juo SH, et. al., CYP17, CYP1A1 and COMT polymorphisms and the risk of adenomyosis and endometriosis in Taiwanese women. Hum Re-prod 2006. 21:14981502


To get additional ways on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopaths toronto

Estrogen Dominance: The Hormone Imbalance You’re Told You Don’t Have

Hormone Imbalance & Estrogen Dominance | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto

As a female naturopathic doctor, I have a a great deal of experience in women’s health issues. Much of it treating conditions like hormone imbalances and their effects on our quality of life.

Hormone imbalances are a complicated thing though.

Often times women will feel that their hormones are off, but after blood work and basic analysis, it’s likely that everything will come back “normal”.

So how is it that hormones are normal, yet one day your body feels completely off, or that you one day find that you have fibroids? or endometriosis? or fertility issues?

What are some of the signs and symptoms that could lead you to potentially prevent and actually treat these conditions, instead of coming up with band-aid solutions to cover up the symptoms?

What is Estrogen Dominance?

Estrogen dominance is a hormonal condition that is often never detected in conventional medicine - the term dominance may indicate that a high level of estrogen would be detected on routine blood work, but this is not often the case.

In fact, estrogen typically comes back “within normal range” in women who have estrogen dominance - how is this so?

This is because estrogen dominance is a functional hormonal imbalance and is not a “excess” condition.

A functional hormonal imbalance indicates that while the body is clearly performing daily as it should, there are signs and symptoms that one experiences, whether it be mild or debilitating, indicate that the overall system is compromised.

This may not be a big deal, but if undetected and left untreated, can lead to chronic disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Estrogen Dominance

The interesting thing about estrogen dominance is that it’s highly common in our society - many women experience symptoms of estrogen dominance monthly, some more severely than others.

The typical symptoms of estrogen dominance include:

  • PMS symptoms such as irritability, breast tenderness/swelling, premenstrual pain, acne, constipation, bloating, headaches
  • Painful periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Insomnia
  • Cyclical moodiness

Many women experience these symptoms and are told they are “normal”.

They are considered normal because these symptoms are a “societal norm”, meaning that many people have these symptoms so therefore it’s normal, but from a health perspective, this is not normal!

If you have mild symptoms, it’s likely that you’re fine, but if any of these symptoms become  severe and affect your day to day living, you definitely should consider being assessed for estrogen dominance.

Mainstream treatment for these symptoms usually involve being on hormonal contraception (birth control), anti-depressants, or pain-medications, and while these may help control your symptoms, none of these solutions actually target the root cause.

If the root cause isn’t treated, it can lead to chronic disease

Hormone Imbalance & Hormone Tests | Annex Naturopathic Clinic Toronto

Associated Symptoms

When you have increased amounts of estrogen in your body, this can highly affect estrogen-sensitive tissues.

The tissues that are most affected are in the breast and uterus.

Why is breast tenderness and swelling caused by estrogen-dominance?

It’s because your breast tissue is hyper-stimulated.

Why do you feel pain during your menstrual flow, or experience extremely heavy flows when you have estrogen-dominance?

This is because your uterine lining is hyper-stimulated by estrogen dominance.

When these tissues are hyper-stimulated, that leads to “cell proliferation” - long term cell-proliferation in the breast can lead to breast cancer.

Long-term cell proliferation in the uterus is called endometrial hyperplasia, which is a risk factor for uterine fibroids, endometriosis and uterine cancer.

What causes estrogen dominance?

Estrogen dominance is when there is an abundance of estrogen wrecking havoc on the body that isn’t being balanced by other hormones, or properly cleared by the liver.

Reasons for why someone can have estrogen dominances are stemmed from:

  1. Biochemical imbalances and genetic-related dysfunction of liver detoxification
  2. Increased estrogen production due to chemical exposure and inflammation
  3. Relative excess due to another hormone deficiency
  4. Environmental and dietary exposure to xenoestrogens.

I will go through each of these reasons in detail in upcoming articles.

Today we will focus on liver detoxification.

Estrogen and liver detoxification

Estrogen is activated and then detoxified by the liver.

Liver detoxification occurs in phases.

Phase 1 Liver Detoxification

Phase 1 is responsible for exposing a hydroxyl-group (OH) to the estrogen (estrone E1 for this discussion) molecule, which breaks it down to many different estrogen “metabolites” with this OH group.

Each metabolite has it’s own impact and function on the body.  When the liver is working properly, it breaks estrogen down so the ratio of these metabolites favour optimal estrogen effect: an abundance of the protective 2-OH-E1 metabolite.

When the liver is having problems with phase 1, then it may favour the production of other estrogen metabolites, ones that have carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effects on the estrogen-sensitive tissue - these metabolites are 16-OH-E1 and 4-OH-E1.

The reason why the liver may favour the production of some metabolites versus the other comes down to which enzymes are activated.  2-OH-E1 is produce through the CYP1A1 enzyme, 4-OH-E1 through CYP1B1 and 16-OH-E1 CYP3A4, all of these are part of Phase 1 enzyme system called the Cytochrome P450 system.

One could have a genetic abnormality in the enzyme for 2-OH-E1 (CYP1A1), or could be lacking the essential “cofactors” to the enzyme, rendering the enzyme more sluggish and unable to keep up with 2-OH-E1 production.

One could also be exposed to environmental toxins that can also render the enzyme functionally slow, or simply have a diet that isn’t rich in foods that favour the production of 2-OH-E1.

Or for some reason, the enzymes for 4 and 16-OH-E1 can be upregulated, favouring their production over 2-OH-E1.

Phase 2 Liver Detoxification

Phase 2 is all about conjugation - binding the now hydrolyzed estrogen to a methyl-group to exert further effects of the body and to prepare the estrogen for excretion out of the body.

2-OH-E1 and 4-OH-E1 are conjugated by the same enzyme called COMT - this enzyme is essential for turning these in to 2 and 4 -methoxy-E1.  2-methoxy-E1 is protective to the body, while 4-methoxy-E1 is neutralized by this process.

COMT is also important for producing antioxidants by the liver, which are protective against cancers.  Therefore, if this enzyme is dysfunctional (for reasons as suggested for the other enzymes above), then the protective and neutralizing effects are diminished.

In fact, studies found that women who have genetic abnormalities in the COMT gene had higher risk for estrogen-related disease, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, breast and uterine cancer (see below for references).

This genetic susceptibility also has been found to be dependent on ethnicity - for example women of African descent being the one of the most susceptible groups for uterine fibroids.

What we do know is that liver health is important for regulation of estrogen-metabolism and can play a significant role on how we develop estrogen-related disease.

Our phase 1 and phase 2 health decline as we age, our exposure to environmental pollutants and our nutrition.  Take a look at our article on Liver Health to find out ways we can improve the strength and functionality of our detoxification processes, potentially improving our estrogen health.

Next week we will go through how inflammation, and other hormone imbalances can be associated with estrogen dominance and nutritional and herbal strategies to improve our overall hormonal health and to prevent chronic disease.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D
Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


References

1) Shen Y et. al. Role of single nucleotide polymorphisms in estrogen-metabolizing enzymes and susceptibility to uterine leiomyoma in Han Chinese: a case-control study.J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2014 Apr;40(4):1077-84.

2)Huang CS et. al. Breast cancer risk associated with genotype polymor- phism of the estrogen-metabolizing genes CYP17, CYP1A1, and COMT: a multigenic study on cancer susceptibility. Cancer Res 1999. 59:4870–4875

3) Al-Hendy A, Salama SA., Catechol-O-methyltransferase polymorphism is associated with increased uterine leiomyoma risk in different ethnic groups.J Soc Gynecol Investig. 2006 Feb;13(2):136-44.

4) Zhao XM., et. al. Polymorphism of catechol-o-methyltransferase gene in relation to the risk of endometrial cancer. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi.2007.42:116–119

5)Juo SH, et. al., CYP17, CYP1A1 and COMT polymorphisms and the risk of adenomyosis and endometriosis in Taiwanese women. Hum Re-prod 2006. 21:1498–1502

To find more tips on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopathic doctor toronto

Study Looks at Serious Medical Conditions Caused by Medication Errors

A recent study looked at the adverse complications from medications that were taken by patients, outside of a medical care facility. They may have been prescribed by a health-care practitioner, but were not administered in an office, or hospital setting.1 Iatrogenic side effects and health complaints are common in the United States and other countries, and account for many calls to poison control centers, and emergency room visits. It is estimated that iatrogenic death may be among the top 5 leading causes of death in the United States.


Iatrogenic Death Estimated Among Top 5 Leading Causes of Death in the U.S.


The current study, published in Clinical Toxicology, analyzed calls to poison control centers across the country over a 13-year time span. The analysis primarily concerned itself with medications which resulted in serious medical outcomes. The exposures all happened outside of health care facilities, and affected people of all ages; a variety of medications were encountered.


A 100% increase in serious medication errors per 100,000 people was seen between 2000 and 2012. These medication errors were seen in all age groups, aside from children under 6 years. The rate of medicine errors for children under 6 did raise early in the study, but subsequently decline, supposedly due to recommendations from the FDA regarding the use of cough and cold medications, corresponding with a decrease in their use.


The medication categories which were seen to be most likely to cause errors in use and associated with serious outcomes were:


Cardiovascular drugs (21%)


Analgesics (12%)


Hormones(11%)


Breakdown of the Categorical Findings


Within the analgesic category, most incidents were attributed to the use of acetaminophen (44%) or opioids (34%). Two-thirds of the hormone related errors had to due with insulin. Cardiovascular drugs and pain-killers combined to account for the majority of fatalities correlated with medication errors within the study (66%).


Lead Authors Advise Keeping a Written Log


The most common errors involved taking the wrong medication or incorrect dosage, which included taking a given medication twice by mistake. For children, the most common error involved taking someone else’s medication. The recommendation given by the lead authors of the study included keeping a written log, especially for children and elderly patients, whereby doses can be tracked and inadvertent double dosing can be avoided. Writing down instructions for other caregivers is also a good way to keep multiple caregivers on the same page.


Patients, Parents and Caregivers Encouraged to Ask Questions


Patients, parents and caregivers are encouraged to ask questions about medications they are responsible for administering. Ensuring that the correct dose, medication, timing, and interactions are known and understood is important in avoiding medication errors. Also, keeping medications away from children in child proof packaging at all times.


Source



  1. Hodges NL, Spiller HA, Casavant MJ, Chounthirath T, Smith GA. Non-health care facility medication errors resulting in serious medical outcomes. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2017;:1-8.


ImageCopyright: dolgachov / 123RF Stock Photo



Node Smith, associate editor for NDNR, is a fifth year naturopathic medical student at NUNM, where he has been instrumental in maintaining a firm connection to the philosophy and heritage of naturopathic medicine amongthe next generation of docs. He helped found the first multi-generational experiential retreat, which brings elders, alumni, and students together for a weekend camp outwhere naturopathic medicine and medical philosophy are experienced in nature. Three years ago he helped found the non-profit,Association for Naturopathic ReVitalization (ANR),for which he serves as the board chairman. ANR has a mission to inspire health practitioners to embody the naturopathic principles through experiential education. Node also has a firm belief that the next era of naturopathic medicine will see a resurgence of in-patient facilities which use fasting, earthing, hydrotherapy and homeopathy to bring people back from chronic diseases of modern living; he is involved in numerous conversations and projects to bring about this vision.


The post Study Looks at Serious Medical Conditions Caused by Medication Errors appeared first on NaturalPath.

6 Reasons Walking Is Good For The Body, Mind And Spirit

Walking is an ideal daily exercise for a wide variety of reasons including its beneficial impact on body, mind and spirit! Walking as a way to get daily exercise can help strengthen major organs in the body, promote bone density, boost the immune system, lead to a more positive outlook and more. Find out why you should add walking to your daily to-do list and the advantages walking has as a simple, do-anywhere exercise.


Health Benefits of Walking


Some benefits of a brisk, daily walk include:



  1. Less Stress. TheScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports published a study in the January 6, 2015 issue showing that a 30-minute lunchtime walk done three times per week can boost mood and help to addressstress.Next time work has your anxiety rising, try spending part of your lunch break on a walk.

  2. A Longer Life: TheNew England Journal of Medicine followed 8,000 men over 12 years; those who walked two miles a day had a nearly 50 percent drop in the risk of death.

  3. Lowered Risk Of Cancer: The same study found that those who walked two miles a day cut their risk of death from cancer by about 65 percent.

  4. Weight Loss. If you want to lose the pounds, start walking! Several studies have shown that walking between 8,000 to 10,000 steps per day that’s about four to five miles is a highly effective way to lose weight.

  5. A Boosted Brain. The National Council on Aging found that in people over the age of 60, a 45-minute daily walk at a brisk pace of a 16-minute mile significantly boosted cognitive performance. A different study found that 40 minutes of walking, three times per week, slowed the normal, age-related shrinkage of the hippocampus. This is the part of the brain that consolidates short-term memory and for those with Alzheimer’s disease, is one of the first regions to be damaged.

  6. A More Active Social Life. Walking can easily be a social way to get physical exercise. Dr. Weil believes that humans are highly social and meant to live our lives within families, communities and tribes. When those connections are not present, we can suffer. So next time you go for a walk, consider inviting a friend along or better yet, join a walking group a great way to get physical exercise while connecting with others!


Advantages of Walking:



  • It can be a simple substitute for driving, especially for shorter trips. Next time you can walk to run an errand, give it a try.

  • No need to buy special workout clothes walking can be done in street clothes. All you need is a good pair of shoes!

  • It can be done anywhere indoors and out, on flat or hilly land.

  • It requires no skill or practice.

  • It is one of the safest exercise options, with the least chance of injury.


The post 6 Reasons Walking Is Good For The Body, Mind And Spirit appeared first on DrWeil.com.

6 Reasons Walking Is Good For The Body, Mind And Spirit

Walking is an ideal daily exercise for a wide variety of reasons including its beneficial impact on body, mind and spirit! Walking as a way to get daily exercise can help strengthen major organs in the body, promote bone density, boost the immune system, lead to a more positive outlook and more. Find out why you should add walking to your daily to-do list and the advantages walking has as a simple, do-anywhere exercise.


Health Benefits of Walking


Some benefits of a brisk, daily walk include:



  1. Less Stress. TheScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports published a study in the January 6, 2015 issue showing that a 30-minute lunchtime walk done three times per week can boost mood and help to addressstress.Next time work has your anxiety rising, try spending part of your lunch break on a walk.

  2. A Longer Life: TheNew England Journal of Medicine followed 8,000 men over 12 years; those who walked two miles a day had a nearly 50 percent drop in the risk of death.

  3. Lowered Risk Of Cancer: The same study found that those who walked two miles a day cut their risk of death from cancer by about 65 percent.

  4. Weight Loss. If you want to lose the pounds, start walking! Several studies have shown that walking between 8,000 to 10,000 steps per day that’s about four to five miles is a highly effective way to lose weight.

  5. A Boosted Brain. The National Council on Aging found that in people over the age of 60, a 45-minute daily walk at a brisk pace of a 16-minute mile significantly boosted cognitive performance. A different study found that 40 minutes of walking, three times per week, slowed the normal, age-related shrinkage of the hippocampus. This is the part of the brain that consolidates short-term memory and for those with Alzheimer’s disease, is one of the first regions to be damaged.

  6. A More Active Social Life. Walking can easily be a social way to get physical exercise. Dr. Weil believes that humans are highly social and meant to live our lives within families, communities and tribes. When those connections are not present, we can suffer. So next time you go for a walk, consider inviting a friend along or better yet, join a walking group a great way to get physical exercise while connecting with others!


Advantages of Walking:



  • It can be a simple substitute for driving, especially for shorter trips. Next time you can walk to run an errand, give it a try.

  • No need to buy special workout clothes walking can be done in street clothes. All you need is a good pair of shoes!

  • It can be done anywhere indoors and out, on flat or hilly land.

  • It requires no skill or practice.

  • It is one of the safest exercise options, with the least chance of injury.


The post 6 Reasons Walking Is Good For The Body, Mind And Spirit appeared first on DrWeil.com.

Botanical of the Month Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense)

Botanical of the Month - Red Clover | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor


As a Toronto naturopath, I like to educate my patients on how to incorporate local herbs and foods into their lifestyles for long term health.


Each month I'll be highlighting a local, seasonal, Ontario herb in order to help you understand and familiarize yourself with useful medical herbs and food that grow right outside your door.


You will be able to recognize these otherwise known weeds as powerful medicine that grow in harmony with your everyday surroundings.


We're seeing Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)everywhere!


My friend and I spotted these flowers earlier this July on one of our hikes and since then I've been seeing them on neighbour's lawns, parks, along the west Toronto railpath, even in one coming up through a sidewalk crack.


This is one of my favourite herbs to use in practice.


Red Clover is a perennial plant originating from Europe, Africa and West Asia, but has been naturalized all over the world.


It's characterized by its dark pink-purple flowering head, and trifoliate leaves, and grows to be about 20-80cm tall.


This plant is actually considered a legume/bean plant, being part of the Fabaceae/Papilionaceae family, which is home to many commonly known legumes such as peas, chickpeas, lentils and many beans.


Parts Used: Flowers heads


Uses for Red Clover


Edibility


Trifolium pratense flowers can be pulled off and eaten. The flower parts stimulate the salivary glands, making it great for chewing on when you're thirsty, or parched and don't have immediate access to water.


It can also be enjoyed as a sweet tea.


Medicine


Red clover exerts its actions best in females and children.


Detoxification and lymphatic drainage


Traditionally, red clover has been considered a blood purifier or alterative meaning that it cleans out and regulates the body.


This action refers to the specific ability of red clover to remove unwanted toxins (dead tissue, inflammatory molecules) from the blood through lymphatic stimulation, and breaks up thick blood through anti-coagulant actions.


Basically, it helps fluids to move efficiently throughout the body. This action makes Red Clover particularly useful in the treatment of chronic skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis and acne, particularly in children.


Red clover is also known to be used in coughs and bronchitis, particularly helpful in suppressing uncontrollable coughs, and in aiding the lungs to expectorate stubborn and accumulated mucus (Another pediatric application - is useful in children who catch the dreadfully persistent whooping cough).


It action on the glands of the neck and sinuses also help clear post-nasal drip (stubborn mucus dripping down the throat from the sinuses).


As mentioned above, red clover gently stimulates the salivary glands, making a great remedy for side effects of radiation or any condition where saliva production is compromised.


It's also great for single swollen lymph nodes


Women's health


Red clover is useful in the treatment in women's health conditions with either estrogen deficiency and estrogen excess.


Red clover contains chemical called phytoestrogens (isoflavinoids) that actually binds and activates the estrogen receptor. This make Trifolium pratense useful in mitigating menopausal symptoms, a life-stage for females characterized by declining estrogen.


Symptoms such as hot flashes, sleeplessness, weight gain, vaginal dryness and anxiety, can be directly linked to estrogen deficiency. However, the small amount of research studies on the effect of Red Clover on menopausal symptoms show mixed results in efficacy.


Maybe it's because the shape of phytoestrogens in red clover do not exactly fit the receptors in the vasomotor system (system responsible for many symptoms in menopause). What if it fit perfectly in the other systems of the body with all different types of estrogen receptors? There is almost zero research on this effect of red Clover, but it's a possibility.


Estrogen plays a protective role in many aspects of female health, so when females go through menopause, they are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis.


Not only can the phytoestrogenic effect potentially prevent these conditions, but the added antioxidant (flavinoids), and blood-thinning properties (coumarins and salicylates) also help.


Here's the controversy - if red clover contains phytoestrogens, wouldn't that increase your risk for estrogen-dependent cancers?


This is the question asked all the time when it comes to plants with phytoestrogen compounds, such as red clover and soy. The answer isn't simple, but if you want a simple answer, it's probably not.


Phytoestrogens do bind to estrogen-receptors, but they're actually considered protective against estrogen-dependent cancer, such as breast and uterine. This effective has been found in soy, another phytoestrogenic plant.


This is because phytoestrogens can competitively bind to estrogen receptor, blocking cancer-causing Xenoestrogens (found in plastics, pollution, chemical cleaners, hormone-laden meats) from binding and overstimulating the receptor.


When phytoestrogens bind to the estrogen receptors, the signal is less intense, more regulating (just like our own endogenous estrogens), and some phytoestrogens can actually block the signal, exerting an antagonistic estrogen effect.


There hasn't been enough research to confirm this clinically, however preliminary research studies has found taking red clover for a year does not seem to increase endometrial growth (leading to uterine cancer).


However, due to the lack of strong evidence, it's suggested that women with a history of estrogen-positive breast cancer, or uterine cancer, should avoid the use of Red Clover.


Field of Red Clover | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor


Forms


You can get red clover as a standardized capsule in powder form, basically taking it as a standardized pharmaceuticalmedication.


There are many products on the market that will sell Red Clover in this form for the use of mitigating menopausal symptoms.


Dueof the lack of consistent in the evidence on whether red clover helps menopausal symptoms, the abundance of other herbs that treat these symptoms really well, and the lack evidence on the safety of this herb in estrogen-positive cancers, I don't generally tend to rely on Red clover to treat these symptoms, especially at these higher doses. Though daily consumption of the tea can be used as a nutritive food for post-menopausal women who would benefit from the phytoestrogenic compoundsto prevent long term health problems associated with estrogen-deficiency.


I like using Red Clover as a tea or as a low-dose tincture. With the alterative regulating nature of the herb, and the consistent traditional use of Red Clover as a lymphatic stimulator, blood thinner and affinity to the neck and head glands , I generally tend to use Red Clover for regulating and detoxifying the body, specifically for the conditions mentioned earlier.


In children, teas and low dose tincture have a strong effect but tend to be gentle enough to prevent any unwanted effects.


Caution


Do not use Red clover if you have history of estrogen-positive breast cancer or uterine cancer, if you're on blood thinners, or have a clotting disorder.


If you're curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.


Yours in Health,


Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D

Annex Naturopathic Clinic

572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1

-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62



References

1)Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

2) Wood, M. Book of Herbal Wisdom, Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 1997

3) Romm, A. Herbal Medicine for Women, London: Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017




To find more ways about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopathic toronto

Botanical of the Month – Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense)

Botanical of the Month - Red Clover | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor

As a Toronto naturopath, I like to educate my patients on how to incorporate local herbs and foods into their lifestyles for long term health.

Each month I’ll be highlighting a local, seasonal, Ontario herb in order to help you understand and familiarize yourself with useful medical herbs and food that grow right outside your door.

You will be able to recognize these otherwise known “weeds” as powerful medicine that grow in harmony with your everyday surroundings.

We’re seeing Red Clover (Trifolium pratenseeverywhere!

My friend and I spotted these flowers earlier this July on one of our hikes and since then I’ve been seeing them on neighbour’s lawns, parks, along the west Toronto railpath, even in one coming up through a sidewalk crack.

This is one of my favourite herbs to use in practice.

Red Clover is a perennial plant originating from Europe, Africa and West Asia, but has been naturalized all over the world.

It’s characterized by its dark pink-purple flowering head, and trifoliate leaves, and grows to be about 20-80cm tall.

This plant is actually considered a legume/bean plant, being part of the Fabaceae/Papilionaceae family, which is home to many commonly known legumes such as peas, chickpeas, lentils and many beans.

Parts Used: Flowers heads

Uses for Red Clover

Edibility

Trifolium pratense flowers can be pulled off and eaten.  The flower parts stimulate the salivary glands, making it great for chewing on when you’re thirsty, or parched and don’t have immediate access to water.

It can also be enjoyed as a sweet tea.

Medicine

Red clover exerts its actions best in females and children.

Detoxification and lymphatic drainage

Traditionally, red clover has been considered a “blood purifier” or “alterative” meaning that it cleans out and regulates the body.

This action refers to the specific ability of red clover to remove unwanted toxins (dead tissue, inflammatory molecules) from the blood through lymphatic stimulation, and breaks up thick blood through anti-coagulant actions.

Basically, it helps fluids to move efficiently throughout the body.  This action makes Red Clover particularly useful in the treatment of chronic skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis and acne, particularly in children.

Red clover is also known to be used in coughs and bronchitis, particularly helpful in suppressing uncontrollable coughs, and in aiding the lungs to expectorate stubborn and accumulated mucus (Another pediatric application - is useful in children who catch the dreadfully persistent whooping cough).

It action on the glands of the neck and sinuses also help clear post-nasal drip (stubborn mucus dripping down the throat from the sinuses).

As mentioned above, red clover gently stimulates the salivary glands, making a great remedy for side effects of radiation or any condition where saliva production is compromised.

It’s also great for single swollen lymph nodes

Women’s health

Red clover is useful in the treatment in women’s health conditions with either estrogen deficiency and estrogen excess.

Red clover contains chemical called “phytoestrogens” (isoflavinoids) that actually binds and activates the estrogen receptor.  This make Trifolium pratense useful in mitigating menopausal symptoms, a life-stage for females characterized by declining estrogen.

Symptoms such as hot flashes, sleeplessness, weight gain, vaginal dryness and anxiety, can be directly linked to estrogen deficiency.  However, the small amount of research studies on the effect of Red Clover on menopausal symptoms show mixed results in efficacy.

Maybe it’s because the shape of phytoestrogens in red clover do not exactly fit the receptors in the vasomotor system (system responsible for many symptoms in menopause).  What if it fit perfectly in the other systems of the body with all different types of estrogen receptors? There is almost zero research on this effect of red Clover, but it’s a possibility.

Estrogen plays a protective role in many aspects of female health, so when females go through menopause, they are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis.

Not only can the phytoestrogenic effect potentially prevent these conditions, but the added antioxidant (flavinoids), and blood-thinning properties (coumarins and salicylates) also help.

Here’s the controversy - if red clover contains phytoestrogens, wouldn’t that increase your risk for estrogen-dependent cancers?

This is the question asked all the time when it comes to plants with phytoestrogen compounds, such as red clover and soy.  The answer isn’t simple, but if you want a simple answer, it’s probably not.

Phytoestrogens do bind to estrogen-receptors, but they’re actually considered protective against estrogen-dependent cancer, such as breast and uterine.  This effective has been found in soy, another phytoestrogenic plant.

This is because phytoestrogens can competitively bind to estrogen receptor, blocking cancer-causing Xenoestrogens (found in plastics, pollution, chemical cleaners, hormone-laden meats) from binding and overstimulating the receptor.

When phytoestrogens bind to the estrogen receptors, the signal is less intense, more regulating (just like our own endogenous estrogens), and some phytoestrogens can actually block the signal, exerting an antagonistic estrogen effect.

There hasn’t been enough research to confirm this clinically, however preliminary research studies has found taking red clover for a year does not seem to increase endometrial growth (leading to uterine cancer).

However, due to the lack of strong evidence, it’s suggested that women with a history of estrogen-positive breast cancer, or uterine cancer, should avoid the use of Red Clover.

Field of Red Clover | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor

Forms

You can get red clover as a standardized capsule in powder form, basically taking it as a pharmaceutical drug.

There are many products on the market that will sell Red Clover in this form for the use of mitigating menopausal symptoms.

Because of the lack of consistent in the evidence of whether red clover helps menopause, the abundance of other herbs that treat these symptoms really well, and the lack evidence on the safety of this herb in estrogen-positive cancers, I don’t generally tend to rely on Red clover to treat these conditions, especially at these higher doses.

I like using Red Clover as a tea or as a low-dose tincture.  With the alterative “regulating” nature of the herb, and the consistent traditional use of Red Clover as a lymphatic stimulator, blood thinner and affinity to the neck and head glands , I generally tend to use Red Clover for these conditions.

In children, teas and low dose tincture have a strong effect but tend to be gentle enough to prevent any unwanted effects.

I do recommend red clover tea to menopausal women as a daily drink/food item, and although there is no strong evidence to support the strong phytoestrogenic, immediate effect on menopausal symptoms, the phytoestrogenic compounds in the herb may still be beneficial as a nutritional food to keep the system healthy and strong post-menopause and prevent long term health problems associated with estrogen-deficiency.

Caution

Do not use Red clover if you have history of estrogen-positive breast cancer or uterine cancer, if you’re on blood thinners, or have a clotting disorder.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Tanya Lee, N.D
Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To discover additional info on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: toronto nd

Does Gluten Deserve its Bad Reputation?

Is Gluten Bad? | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor-in-the-Annex-July03-01


At our naturopathic clinic in Toronto, in recent years especially, our naturopathic doctors are being asked about gluten more regularly.


"Is it good for me?"


"Is it bad for me?"


The infamous protein explained.


Gluten-free is definitely fashionable- but is it functional? Many people are opting to eliminate gluten from their diets- often with no diagnosis of celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.


Unfortunately, gluten-free is not synonymous with healthy.


Many gluten-free products are high in sugar, preservatives and unlike wheat flour, they are not fortified with vitamins and minerals.


Nonetheless, many people feel better when they take gluten out of their diet.


What is gluten?


Gluten is substance found in the endosperm of wheat, rye and barley grains. It is comprised of the proteins Gliadin and Glutenin.


Grains, and how we consume them, differs from that of our ancestral history.


Today grains make up a major part of our diet- remember the food group pyramid you learned in school- where the foundation was grains?


Well, that food pyramid is not something we share in common with our early human ancestors who ate almost no grains at all. The domestication of wheat happened about 10,000 years ago.


In more recent history, composition of wheat has changed due to hybridization of strains which has increased wheat's gluten content dramatically.


Gluten Sensitivity | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor-in-the-Annex-July03-01


What is it about gluten containing grains that irritates our gut?


Gluten can increase zonulin, a protein in the gastrointestinal tract that can cause leaky gut. Leaky gut, or intestinal permeability, occurs when the tight junctions (the connection) between intestinal cells open up, allowing larger molecules that shouldn't cross the intestinal barrier, to go into the blood stream causing inflammation.


It may not be the gluten alone, but the herbicides used in conventional farming are likely contributing to intestinal imbalances.


Glyphosate is a commonly used herbicide used in grain farming. If a substance can kills weeds and bugs- think about what it could do to the microflora in our gut (our healthy bacteria).


Glyphosate is known to kill beneficial bacteria and decrease the absorption of certain vitamins and minerals.


We do not definitively know the reason for the rising prevalence of gluten sensitivity.


It may be that a combination of increased wheat consumption, increased gluten content of wheat, and rising glyphosate residues in conventional grain products are contributing to dysbiosis, intestinal inflammation, and ultimately gluten intolerance.


What should you do?


Recommendations, in terms of complete gluten elimination, need to be made on an individual basis via comprehensive assessment by a qualified healthcare provider.


However, here are some recommendations that will benefit most individuals:



  • Reduce consumption of grains so that your diet favours protein and vegetables.

  • Eat organic and ancient varieties of wheat (einkorn or emmer) which would reduce pesticide residues and gluten content.


See a naturopathic doctor to assess if you have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity in order to have a comprehensive plan that allows for optimal nutrition and overall health.


If you're curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.


Yours in Health,


Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D

Annex Naturopathic Clinic

572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1

-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62





To find more tips about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturopathy downtown toronto

Does Gluten Deserve its Bad Reputation?

Is Gluten Bad? | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor-in-the-Annex-July03-01

At our naturopathic clinic in Toronto, in recent years especially, our naturopathic doctors are being asked about gluten more regularly.

Is it good for me?”

“Is it bad for me?”

The infamous protein explained.

Gluten-free is definitely fashionable- but is it functional? Many people are opting to eliminate gluten from their diets- often with no diagnosis of celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.

Unfortunately, “gluten-free” is not synonymous with “healthy”.

Many gluten-free products are high in sugar, preservatives and unlike wheat flour, they are not fortified with vitamins and minerals.

Nonetheless, many people feel better when they take gluten out of their diet.

What is gluten?

Gluten is substance found in the endosperm of wheat, rye and barley grains. It is comprised of the proteins “Gliadin” and “Glutenin”.

Grains, and how we consume them, differs from that of our ancestral history.

Today grains make up a major part of our diet- remember the food group pyramid you learned in school- where the foundation was grains?

Well, that food pyramid is not something we share in common with our early human ancestors who ate almost no grains at all. The domestication of wheat happened about 10,000 years ago.

In more recent history, composition of wheat has changed due to hybridization of strains which has increased wheat’s gluten content dramatically.

Gluten Sensitivity | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor-in-the-Annex-July03-01

What is it about gluten containing grains that irritates our gut?

Gluten can increase “zonulin”, a protein in the gastrointestinal tract that can cause leaky gut. Leaky gut, or intestinal permeability, occurs when the tight junctions (the connection) between intestinal cells open up, allowing larger molecules that shouldn’t cross the intestinal barrier, to go into the blood stream causing inflammation.

It may not be the gluten alone, but the herbicides used in conventional farming are likely contributing to intestinal imbalances.

Glyphosate is a commonly used herbicide used in grain farming. If a substance can kills weeds and bugs- think about what it could do to the microflora in our gut (our healthy bacteria).

Glyphosate is known to kill beneficial bacteria and decrease the absorption of certain vitamins and minerals.

We do not definitively know the reason for the rising prevalence of gluten sensitivity.

It may be that a combination of increased wheat consumption, increased gluten content of wheat, and rising glyphosate residues in conventional grain products are contributing to dysbiosis, intestinal inflammation, and ultimately gluten intolerance.

What should you do?

Recommendations, in terms of complete gluten elimination, need to be made on an individual basis via comprehensive assessment by a qualified healthcare provider.

However, here are some recommendations that will benefit most individuals:

  • Reduce consumption of grains so that your diet favours protein and vegetables.
  • Eat organic and ancient varieties of wheat (einkorn or emmer) which would reduce pesticide residues and gluten content.

See a naturopathic doctor to assess if you have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity in order to have a comprehensive plan that allows for optimal nutrition and overall health.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D
Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To find additional ideas about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: nature doctors

Could You Be Gluten Sensitive Without Celiac Disease?

Gluten sensitive | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor-in-the-Annex


To eat, or not to eat wheat? That is the question.


The avoidance of gluten continues to be a hot topic in the media.


More and more people are opting for a gluten-free diet. For some people, eliminating gluten from their diet may be essential to not only maintaining the integrity of their gastrointestinal tract, but optimizing their overall health.


Digestion is the cornerstone of good health. If a person's digestive capacity is impaired, many other areas of a person's health can be adversely affected.


Not everyone who has a bad reaction to gluten has celiac disease. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) also negatively affects on the body, but does not produce the same disease process or complications that celiac disease does.


The naturopathic doctors at Annex Naturopathic Clinic are able to assess, diagnose and treat celiac disease and NCGS.


Dr. Luck and Dr. Lee can help determine whether or not you can include gluten in your diet and what treatment needs to be in place to heal the gut.


What is gluten?


Gluten is a protein found in wheat and some other grains including rye and barley.


What is celiac disease?


Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition.


Gluten causes the immune system to destroy intestinal cells. When intestinal cells are destroyed they lose their capacity to absorb nutrients causing chronic diarrhea, nutrient deficiencies and weight loss.


Celiac disease is associated with a much more serious risk profile than NCGS including neurologic dysfunction, osteoporosis, infertility, and other autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis.


Why does celiac disease happen?


Genetics plays a strong role in whether or not someone will have celiac disease.


How is celiac disease diagnosed?


Serology (blood) testing for the antibodies against the intestinal tissues (endomysial antibodies (IgA EMA) and tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA tTG)).


If the antibodies are more than twice the normal limit, the patient likely has celiac disease.


Duodenal biopsy, tissue samples taken from the small intestine (which can only be ordered by a gastroenterologist), can confirm the serology testing.


These tests will only be accurate if the patient has ingested gluten consistently over the past 6 weeks.



What is non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS)?


NCGS is a reaction to gluten that does not involve the immune system and does not cause intestinal cell destruction. Gastrointestinal symptoms include abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and diarrhea. NCGS can also contribute to joint and muscle pain, skin rash, anemia and depression.


Why does NCGS happen?


The working theory as to the increased prevalence of NCGS is a combination of increased wheat consumption and the hybridized gluten content of wheat- today's wheat contains far more gluten than it's ancient ancestor.


How is NCGS diagnosed?


NCGS is a diagnosis of exclusion.


When celiac disease has been ruled out, there are no signs of malabsorption and the individual has improves on a gluten-free diet, a diagnosis of NCGS can be assumed.


If you are experiencing adverse reactions to gluten it is important to have a thorough work-up.


If you're curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.


Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D

Annex Naturopathic Clinic

572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1

-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62





To find more ideas on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: naturapath near me

Could You Be Gluten Sensitive Without Celiac Disease?

Gluten sensitive | Annex-Naturopathic-Clinic-Toronto-Naturopathic-Doctor-in-the-Annex

To eat, or not to eat wheat? That is the question.

The avoidance of gluten continues to be a hot topic in the media.

More and more people are opting for a gluten-free diet. For some people, eliminating gluten from their diet may be essential to not only maintaining the integrity of their gastrointestinal tract, but optimizing their overall health.

Digestion is the cornerstone of good health. If a person’s digestive capacity is impaired, many other areas of a person’s health can be adversely affected.

Not everyone who has a bad reaction to gluten has celiac disease. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) also negatively affects on the body, but does not produce the same disease process or complications that celiac disease does.

The naturopathic doctors at Annex Naturopathic Clinic are able to assess, diagnose and treat celiac disease and NCGS.

Dr. Luck and Dr. Lee can help determine whether or not you can include gluten in your diet and what treatment needs to be in place to heal the gut.

What is gluten?

Gluten is a protein found in wheat and some other grains including rye and barley.

What is celiac disease?

Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition.

Gluten causes the immune system to destroy intestinal cells. When intestinal cells are destroyed they lose their capacity to absorb nutrients causing chronic diarrhea, nutrient deficiencies and weight loss.

Celiac disease is associated with a much more serious risk profile than NCGS including neurologic dysfunction, osteoporosis, infertility, and other autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

Why does celiac disease happen?

Genetics plays a strong role in whether or not someone will have celiac disease.

How is celiac disease diagnosed?

Serology (blood) testing for the antibodies against the intestinal tissues (endomysial antibodies (IgA EMA) and tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA tTG)).

If the antibodies are more than twice the normal limit, the patient likely has celiac disease.

Duodenal biopsy, tissue samples taken from the small intestine (which can only be ordered by a gastroenterologist), can confirm the serology testing.

These tests will only be accurate if the patient has ingested gluten consistently over the past 6 weeks.

What is non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS)?

NCGS is a reaction to gluten that does not involve the immune system and does not cause intestinal cell destruction. Gastrointestinal symptoms include abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and diarrhea. NCGS can also contribute to joint and muscle pain, skin rash, anemia and depression.

Why does NCGS happen?

The working theory as to the increased prevalence of NCGS is a combination of increased wheat consumption and the hybridized gluten content of wheat- today’s wheat contains far more gluten than it’s ancient ancestor.

How is NCGS diagnosed?

NCGS is a diagnosis of exclusion.

When celiac disease has been ruled out, there are no signs of malabsorption and the individual has improves on a gluten-free diet, a diagnosis of NCGS can be assumed.

If you are experiencing adverse reactions to gluten it is important to have a thorough work-up.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,
Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D
Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To discover additional information about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: toronto nd

Cherry Chocolate Chunk Ice Cream (dairy-free, paleo)



It's summer! Time to break out the ice cream maker and whip up some dairy-free ice cream. Plus it's cherry season right now. This coconut milk-based ice cream is a perfect way to indulge in both antioxidant-rich cherries and dark chocolate. Serve it as a sweet treat after dinner, or a healthy mid-afternoon snack for your kids. This cherry chocolate chunk ice cream comes from my Whole Life Nutrition Cookbook .

Be sure to use full fat coconut milk in this recipe. The hemp seeds give it some extra creaminess, healthy fats, and amino acids. You can easily omit the chocolate if you are on Phase 2 of the Elimination Diet . You can also replace the cherries with blueberries, strawberries, or diced mango. All variations are delicious!
Read more

Top 5 Tips To Stay Healthy In The Summer Heat

top 5 tips to stay health in the summer | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Naturopathic Doctor in Toronto


July and August are much anticipated months in Toronto. The summer season is short- optimizing your health can help you make the most our our short but ever so sweet summer.


Here are the top 5tips from naturopathic doctors in Torontoto help you stay on your A-game.


1. Continue to supplement with vitamin D


You are probably thinking that because the sun is out longer, you are getting more vitamin D.


However, how much vitamin D your body synthesizes from the sun depends on a few factors: how much time is spent out side and at what time of day, the amount of skin exposed to the sun and the colour of your skin.


In order to get a good dose of vitamin D from the sun you need to be outside, in minimal clothing (bathing suit), when the sun is high in the sky.


You are synthesizing vitamin D in your skin if your shadow cast by the sun is shorter than your height.


If you have darker skin, you require more time in the sun to get the same amount of vitamin D as someone with lighter skin.


2. Get lot's of vitamin N


You've never heard of vitamin N? It's vitamin nature! Summer is a great time to get outside.


Time spent in natural settings:



  • Improves mental health.

  • Provides an opportunity for cognitive rejuvenation.

  • Reduces blood pressure.

  • Reduces cortisol our stress hormone.

  • Increases our parasympathetic tone- the rest and restore part of our nervous system.


3. Hydrate with water


We inherently need more water in the summer. Our bodies lose more water in the warmer months- we sweat more, and for some, consumption increases of diuretics like iced coffee and alcohol (patio season!).


Aim to drink 2-3 litres of water daily with these tips:



  • Start each morning with a big glass of water (option to add lemon).

  • For every cup of coffee or alcoholic drink have one big glass of water.


top 5 tips to stay health in the summer | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Naturopathic Doctor in Toronto


4. Take advantage of the local harvest


Local produce is in abundance during the summer months. Local food tastes better and it's better for you and the environment.


Bite into summer by purchasing local food at:



  • Farmer's markets.

  • Basket programs.

  • Grocery stores.

  • Farm stands outside the city.


5. Take it easy


With all of the additional daylight hours summer brings, schedules can fill up as we make the most of our short summer.


It's important to open up some time to relax and reset.


After a busy weekend or travel make time to take it easy by:



  • Working from home (if possible).

  • Plan an additional day off as a home reset day.

  • Saying no when necessary.



If you're curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.


Yours in Health,


Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D

Annex Naturopathic Clinic

572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1

-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62






To get more tips about health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: toronto naturopathic doctors

Top 5 Tips To Stay Healthy In The Summer Heat

top 5 tips to stay health in the summer | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Naturopathic Doctor in Toronto

July and August are much anticipated months in Toronto. The summer season is short- optimizing your health can help you make the most our our short but ever so sweet summer.

Here are the top 5 tips from naturopathic doctors in Toronto to help you stay on your A-game.

1. Continue to supplement with vitamin D

You are probably thinking that because the sun is out longer, you are getting more vitamin D.

However, how much vitamin D your body synthesizes from the sun depends on a few factors: how much time is spent out side and at what time of day, the amount of skin exposed to the sun and the colour of your skin.

In order to get a good dose of vitamin D from the sun you need to be outside, in minimal clothing (bathing suit), when the sun is high in the sky.

You are synthesizing vitamin D in your skin if your shadow cast by the sun is shorter than your height.

If you have darker skin, you require more time in the sun to get the same amount of vitamin D as someone with lighter skin.

2. Get lot’s of vitamin “N”

You’ve never heard of vitamin N? It’s vitamin “nature”! Summer is a great time to get outside.

Time spent in natural settings:

  • Improves mental health.
  • Provides an opportunity for cognitive rejuvenation.
  • Reduces blood pressure.
  • Reduces cortisol our “stress” hormone.
  • Increases our parasympathetic tone- the “rest and restore” part of our nervous system.

3. Hydrate with water

We inherently need more water in the summer. Our bodies lose more water in the warmer months- we sweat more, and for some, consumption increases of diuretics like iced coffee and alcohol (patio season!).

Aim to drink 2-3 litres of water daily with these tips:

  • Start each morning with a big glass of water (option to add lemon).
  • For every cup of coffee or alcoholic drink have one big glass of water.

 top 5 tips to stay health in the summer | Annex Naturopathic Clinic | Naturopathic Doctor in Toronto

4. Take advantage of the local harvest

Local produce is in abundance during the summer months. Local food tastes better and it’s better for you and the environment.

Bite into summer by purchasing local food at:

  • Farmer’s markets.
  • Basket programs.
  • Grocery stores.
  • Farm stands outside the city.

5. Take it easy

With all of the additional daylight hours summer brings, schedules can fill up as we make the most of our short summer.

It’s important to open up some time to relax and reset.

After a busy weekend or travel make time to take it easy by:

  • Working from home (if possible).
  • Plan an additional day off as a home reset day.
  • Saying “no” when necessary.

If you’re curious to learn more about this subject or would like to consult with one of our NDs feel free to book a visit or contact us.

Yours in Health,

Dr. Marnie Luck, N.D
Annex Naturopathic Clinic
572 Bloor St W #201, Toronto, ON M6G 1K1
-https://goo.gl/maps/uVRBvcyoUa62


To find additional info on health, wellness, and alternative medicine, please visit us here: natural path doctors

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